Inter-individual variability in load carriage economy and comparisons between different load conditions

Sean Hudson, Carlton Cooke, Simeon Davies, Sacha West, Raeeq Gamieldien, Chris Low, Ray Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Equivocal findings exist for the economy associated with load carried close to the body’s centre of mass. Indi-vidual variation could explain some of the equivocal findings. This research aimed to examine the extent of individual variation in loaded walking economy. Eighteen females carried load on the back, head and split between the front and back. Individual variation in relative load carriage economy (ELI) was primarily assessed using standard deviation, coefficients of variation (CV) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). There was large inter-individual variation in ELI values with highest mean CV’s of 16%, 12% and 10% for head-, back- and combined front and back-loading. Mean ELI values were not significantly different between methods. The large amount of individual variation found here suggests future load carriage research should account for individual variation, particularly when considering sample size and when making inferences on the economy associated with different types of load carriage using group mean data.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102968
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Ergonomics
Early online date7 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'Inter-individual variability in load carriage economy and comparisons between different load conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this