International and internet child sexual abuse and exploitation: Issues emerging from research

Bernard Gallagher, Kris Christmann, Claire Fraser, Beth Hodgson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


There has, in recent years, been growing awareness and concern over cases of child sexual abuse (CSA) and exploitation1 which involve an international or internet dimension. These include child trafficking,2 child sex tourism,3 child abuse images4 (CAI), and g rooming.5 In terms of official recognition, these are relatively new risks to children, and ostensibly quite major ones. Governments, law enforcement and welfare agencies, voluntary bodies and industry have responded by implementing or advocating a plethora of policy and practice measures.6 In light of this level of concern and intervention, this article seeks to establish what is known regarding the extent and nature of these cases, and examines the subsequent organisational response. It does this by drawing upon the authors’ ongoing research in this area, other (completed) research and the wider literature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-371
Number of pages19
JournalChild and Family Law Quarterly
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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