Investigating the effects of age and gender on co-witness suggestibility during blame attribution

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Abstract

Investigating the effects of age and gender on co-witness suggestibility during blame attribution. Abstract Despite a large body of research investigating the effects of age and gender on eyewitness suggestibility, the majority of studies have focussed on the impressionability of participants when attempting to recall the presence of items from an event. Very little research has attempted to investigate the effects of age and gender on the suggestibility of eyewitnesses when attempting to attribute blame. Participants (N=268) viewed and discussed a crime (video) with co-witnesses before giving individual statements. Confederates were used to expose the participants to misinformation during the discussion, suggesting that the wrong bystander was responsible for the offence. Findings indicated that participants who encountered the misinformation were more likely to make a false blame attribution and were more confident in their erroneous judgements. The results found no significant age or gender-related differences in blame conformity rates, however, male eyewitnesses showed greater levels of overconfidence in their false responses than female participants, after encountering co-witness misinformation.
LanguageEnglish
JournalJournal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling
Early online date20 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2019

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title = "Investigating the effects of age and gender on co-witness suggestibility during blame attribution",
abstract = "Investigating the effects of age and gender on co-witness suggestibility during blame attribution. Abstract Despite a large body of research investigating the effects of age and gender on eyewitness suggestibility, the majority of studies have focussed on the impressionability of participants when attempting to recall the presence of items from an event. Very little research has attempted to investigate the effects of age and gender on the suggestibility of eyewitnesses when attempting to attribute blame. Participants (N=268) viewed and discussed a crime (video) with co-witnesses before giving individual statements. Confederates were used to expose the participants to misinformation during the discussion, suggesting that the wrong bystander was responsible for the offence. Findings indicated that participants who encountered the misinformation were more likely to make a false blame attribution and were more confident in their erroneous judgements. The results found no significant age or gender-related differences in blame conformity rates, however, male eyewitnesses showed greater levels of overconfidence in their false responses than female participants, after encountering co-witness misinformation.",
keywords = "gender, eyewitness, Interview, memory, Conformity",
author = "Dara Mojtahedi and Maria Ioannou and Laura Hammond and John Synnott",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1002/jip.1533",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling",
issn = "1544-4759",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",

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AU - Mojtahedi, Dara

AU - Ioannou, Maria

AU - Hammond, Laura

AU - Synnott, John

PY - 2019/10/15

Y1 - 2019/10/15

N2 - Investigating the effects of age and gender on co-witness suggestibility during blame attribution. Abstract Despite a large body of research investigating the effects of age and gender on eyewitness suggestibility, the majority of studies have focussed on the impressionability of participants when attempting to recall the presence of items from an event. Very little research has attempted to investigate the effects of age and gender on the suggestibility of eyewitnesses when attempting to attribute blame. Participants (N=268) viewed and discussed a crime (video) with co-witnesses before giving individual statements. Confederates were used to expose the participants to misinformation during the discussion, suggesting that the wrong bystander was responsible for the offence. Findings indicated that participants who encountered the misinformation were more likely to make a false blame attribution and were more confident in their erroneous judgements. The results found no significant age or gender-related differences in blame conformity rates, however, male eyewitnesses showed greater levels of overconfidence in their false responses than female participants, after encountering co-witness misinformation.

AB - Investigating the effects of age and gender on co-witness suggestibility during blame attribution. Abstract Despite a large body of research investigating the effects of age and gender on eyewitness suggestibility, the majority of studies have focussed on the impressionability of participants when attempting to recall the presence of items from an event. Very little research has attempted to investigate the effects of age and gender on the suggestibility of eyewitnesses when attempting to attribute blame. Participants (N=268) viewed and discussed a crime (video) with co-witnesses before giving individual statements. Confederates were used to expose the participants to misinformation during the discussion, suggesting that the wrong bystander was responsible for the offence. Findings indicated that participants who encountered the misinformation were more likely to make a false blame attribution and were more confident in their erroneous judgements. The results found no significant age or gender-related differences in blame conformity rates, however, male eyewitnesses showed greater levels of overconfidence in their false responses than female participants, after encountering co-witness misinformation.

KW - gender

KW - eyewitness

KW - Interview

KW - memory

KW - Conformity

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