Investigation of Poultry Litter Conversion into Useful Energy Resources Using Fast Pyrolysis

L. M. Simbolon, D. S. Pandey, C. Tsekos, W. de Jong, S. A. Tassou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The present study explored a thermochemical treatment method as an alternative approach to process animal feedlot (poultry litter). Fast pyrolysis of poultry litter experiments was conducted using a Pyroprobe 5200 reactor in the temperature range of 400-600 °C. The influence of reactor temperature on the yield of pyrolytic gases, condensate (bio-oil) and biochar yield was reported along with the mass balance. The biochar yield decreased consistently with an increase in temperature (from ~62 wt.% at 400 °C to ~ 40 wt.% at 600 °C), whereas the maximum bio-oil yield 23.2 wt.% was reported at 600 °C. The evolved pyrolytic gases were dominated by CO and CO2 and have shown an increasing trend with the temperature. Evolved gases were measured by a micro-gas Chromatograph. The yield of the liquid fraction (bio-oil) and biochar were quantified for the mass balance analysis. The yield of liquid and biochar are in agreement with previous work.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 27th Biomass Conference and Exhibition
Subtitle of host publicationEUBCE 2019
Publisher European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (EUBCE)
Pages1222-1226
Number of pages5
Volume2019
ISBN (Electronic)9788889407196
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 27 May 201930 May 2019
Conference number: 27
https://ec.europa.eu/eip/agriculture/en/event/27th-european-biomass-conference-and-exhibition

Publication series

NameEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings
PublisherEUBCE
Volume2019
ISSN (Print)2282-5819

Conference

Conference27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
Abbreviated titleEUBCE 2019
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period27/05/1930/05/19
Internet address

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  • Cite this

    Simbolon, L. M., Pandey, D. S., Tsekos, C., Jong, W. D., & Tassou, S. A. (2019). Investigation of Poultry Litter Conversion into Useful Energy Resources Using Fast Pyrolysis. In Proceedings of the 27th Biomass Conference and Exhibition: EUBCE 2019 (Vol. 2019, pp. 1222-1226). (European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings; Vol. 2019). European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (EUBCE) . https://doi.org/10.5071/27thEUBCE2019-3BV.7.3