Investigation of the effect of biodiesel blends on fuel injection pumps based on vibration and pressure measurements

Ali Abruss, Yangchun Guo, Tie Wang, Fengshou Gu, Andrew D. Ball, D. Brown

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Amongst alternative fuels for diesel-engine application, biodiesel is very attractive because it is biodegradable, an environmentally-friendly and sustainable source that can meet future energy demands. However, there are few published studies of the impact of biodiesel fuel and its blends on fuel injection pumps (FIPs). This study will investigate the influence of biodiesels derived from waste cooking oils with incremental blends of B10, B20, B30, B40 and B100. The FIP in this study is a rotary type attached to a four-cylinder, four-stroke direct injection, turbocharged diesel engine. Vibration and pressure measurements were made on the FIP. The results show the peak pressure close to the pump increases slightly the higher the proportion of biodiesel because of increased viscosity, density and bulk modulus of the fuel. Low frequency vibration increased as the proportion of biodiesel increased. These results demonstrate an increase in dynamic load on the pump components. However, high frequency vibration levels are lowest for the blends B10, B20 and B30, which may be helpful for improving the service life of the delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery - Proceedings of VETOMAC X, 2014
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
Pages535-546
Number of pages12
Volume23
ISBN (Electronic)9783319099170
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event10th International Conference on Vibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery - Manchester Conference Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Sep 201411 Sep 2014
Conference number: 10
http://www.mace.manchester.ac.uk/our-research/seminars/vetomac-x-2014/ (Link to Conference Details)

Conference

Conference10th International Conference on Vibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery
Abbreviated titleVETOMAC 2014
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityManchester
Period9/09/1411/09/14
Internet address

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Abruss, A., Guo, Y., Wang, T., Gu, F., Ball, A. D., & Brown, D. (2015). Investigation of the effect of biodiesel blends on fuel injection pumps based on vibration and pressure measurements. In Vibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery - Proceedings of VETOMAC X, 2014 (Vol. 23, pp. 535-546). Kluwer Academic Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09918-7_47