Is it possible to establish reference values for ankle muscle isokinetic strength? A meta-analytical study

Michael Fish, James Milligan, Jenny Killey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


BACKGROUND: The importance of measuring ankle muscle strength (AMS) has been demonstrated in a variety of clinical areas. Much data has been accumulated using the Cybex Norm isokinetic dynamometer but a uniform framework does not exist. OBJECTIVE: To identify pertinent studies which have used the Cybex Norm to measure AMS in order to establish reference values. METHODS: A narrative review of the literature was used to identify papers that have used the Cybex Norm to measure isokinetic concentric and eccentric AMS. RESULTS: Fifty five research papers were identified but each study used a different isokinetic protocol. CONCLUSIONS: It is not possible to produce AMS reference values due to the wide variation in data collection methods. This is therefore an area of research that needs further exploration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-97
Number of pages13
JournalIsokinetics and Exercise Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2014


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