It's Definitely Not Alzheimer's: Perceived Benefits and Drawbacks of a Mild Cognitive Impairment Diagnosis

Timothy Gomersall, Sarah Kate Smith, Charlotte Blewett, Arlene Astelle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives:
To understand the perceived benefits and drawbacks of a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosis from the perspective of those living with the label.

Methods:
Participants were included if they had recently (within 6 months) received a MCI diagnosis. We also recruited close family members to gain their perspectives. Each was interviewed separately with a semi-structured topic guide covering three areas: (1) experience of cognitive impairments and changes in the individual; (2) impact of cognitive impairment(s) on daily activities and social relationships; and (3) experience of the diagnosis process and living with the label. Transcribed interviews were stored in Nvivo®. Grounded theory procedures of memo writing, open coding, constant comparison, and focused coding were used to derive conceptual themes.

Results:
Eighteen dyads were interviewed. The overarching themes surrounding diagnosis benefits and drawbacks were as follows: (1) emotional impact of the diagnosis; (2) practical benefits and limitations of the diagnosis, in terms of (a) understanding one's symptoms and (b) access to clinical support. Although participants were glad to have clinical support in place, they expressed frustration at the lack of clarity, and the lack of available treatments for MCI. Consequently, living with MCI can be characterized as an ambivalent experience.

Conclusion:
As a clinical label, MCI appears to have little explanatory power for people living with cognitive difficulties. Work is needed to clarify how clinicians and patients communicate about MCI, and how people can be helped to live well with the label. Despite an emerging body of prognostic studies, people with MCI are likely to continue living with significant uncertainty.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)786-804
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume22
Issue number4
Early online date19 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

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Cognitive Dysfunction
Frustration
Uncertainty
Interviews
Therapeutics
Grounded Theory

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Gomersall, Timothy ; Smith, Sarah Kate ; Blewett, Charlotte ; Astelle, Arlene. / It's Definitely Not Alzheimer's: Perceived Benefits and Drawbacks of a Mild Cognitive Impairment Diagnosis. In: Health Psychology. 2017 ; Vol. 22, No. 4. pp. 786-804.
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It's Definitely Not Alzheimer's: Perceived Benefits and Drawbacks of a Mild Cognitive Impairment Diagnosis. / Gomersall, Timothy; Smith, Sarah Kate; Blewett, Charlotte; Astelle, Arlene.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 4, 11.2017, p. 786-804.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - It's Definitely Not Alzheimer's: Perceived Benefits and Drawbacks of a Mild Cognitive Impairment Diagnosis

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AU - Smith, Sarah Kate

AU - Blewett, Charlotte

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AB - Objectives:To understand the perceived benefits and drawbacks of a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosis from the perspective of those living with the label.Methods:Participants were included if they had recently (within 6 months) received a MCI diagnosis. We also recruited close family members to gain their perspectives. Each was interviewed separately with a semi-structured topic guide covering three areas: (1) experience of cognitive impairments and changes in the individual; (2) impact of cognitive impairment(s) on daily activities and social relationships; and (3) experience of the diagnosis process and living with the label. Transcribed interviews were stored in Nvivo®. Grounded theory procedures of memo writing, open coding, constant comparison, and focused coding were used to derive conceptual themes.Results:Eighteen dyads were interviewed. The overarching themes surrounding diagnosis benefits and drawbacks were as follows: (1) emotional impact of the diagnosis; (2) practical benefits and limitations of the diagnosis, in terms of (a) understanding one's symptoms and (b) access to clinical support. Although participants were glad to have clinical support in place, they expressed frustration at the lack of clarity, and the lack of available treatments for MCI. Consequently, living with MCI can be characterized as an ambivalent experience.Conclusion:As a clinical label, MCI appears to have little explanatory power for people living with cognitive difficulties. Work is needed to clarify how clinicians and patients communicate about MCI, and how people can be helped to live well with the label. Despite an emerging body of prognostic studies, people with MCI are likely to continue living with significant uncertainty.

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KW - Memory

KW - Neurocognitive illness

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KW - Grounded theory

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KW - Diagnosis

KW - Illness perceptions

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