Kinematics Error Compensation for a Surface Measurement Probe on an Ultra-Precision Turning Machine

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Abstract

In order to enhance the measurement availability for manufacturing applications, on-machine surface measurement (OMSM) is integrated onto the machine tools, which avoids the errors caused by re-positioning workpieces and utilizes the machine axes to extend the measuring range as well. However, due to the fact that measurement probe actuation is performed using the machine tool axes, the inherent kinematics error will inevitably induce additional deviations onto the OMSM results. This paper presents a systematic methodology of kinematics error modelling, measurement, and compensation for OMSM on an ultra-precision turning lathe. According to the measurement task, a selective kinematics error model is established with four primary error components in the sensitive measurement direction, based on multi-body theory and a homogeneous transformation matrix (HTM). In order to separate the artefact error from the measurement results, the selected error components are measured using the reversal method. The measured error value agrees well with the machine tool’s specification and a kinematics error map is generated for further compensation. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed kinematics error modelling, measurement, and compensation, an OMSM experiment of an optically flat mirror is carried out. The result indicates the OMSM is the superposition of the sample surface form error and the machine tool kinematics error. With the implementation of compensation, the accuracy of the characterized flatness error from the OMSM improves by 67%.
Original languageEnglish
Article number334
Number of pages15
JournalMicromachines
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2018

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Error compensation
Surface measurement
Kinematics
Machine tools
Mirrors

Cite this

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title = "Kinematics Error Compensation for a Surface Measurement Probe on an Ultra-Precision Turning Machine",
abstract = "In order to enhance the measurement availability for manufacturing applications, on-machine surface measurement (OMSM) is integrated onto the machine tools, which avoids the errors caused by re-positioning workpieces and utilizes the machine axes to extend the measuring range as well. However, due to the fact that measurement probe actuation is performed using the machine tool axes, the inherent kinematics error will inevitably induce additional deviations onto the OMSM results. This paper presents a systematic methodology of kinematics error modelling, measurement, and compensation for OMSM on an ultra-precision turning lathe. According to the measurement task, a selective kinematics error model is established with four primary error components in the sensitive measurement direction, based on multi-body theory and a homogeneous transformation matrix (HTM). In order to separate the artefact error from the measurement results, the selected error components are measured using the reversal method. The measured error value agrees well with the machine tool’s specification and a kinematics error map is generated for further compensation. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed kinematics error modelling, measurement, and compensation, an OMSM experiment of an optically flat mirror is carried out. The result indicates the OMSM is the superposition of the sample surface form error and the machine tool kinematics error. With the implementation of compensation, the accuracy of the characterized flatness error from the OMSM improves by 67{\%}.",
keywords = "on-machine surface measurement, kinematics error model, error measurement, error compensation, ultra-precision machine tool",
author = "Duo Li and Xiangqian Jiang and Zhen Tong and Liam Blunt",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "2",
doi = "10.3390/mi9070334",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Micromachines",
issn = "2072-666X",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "7",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Kinematics Error Compensation for a Surface Measurement Probe on an Ultra-Precision Turning Machine

AU - Li, Duo

AU - Jiang, Xiangqian

AU - Tong, Zhen

AU - Blunt, Liam

PY - 2018/7/2

Y1 - 2018/7/2

N2 - In order to enhance the measurement availability for manufacturing applications, on-machine surface measurement (OMSM) is integrated onto the machine tools, which avoids the errors caused by re-positioning workpieces and utilizes the machine axes to extend the measuring range as well. However, due to the fact that measurement probe actuation is performed using the machine tool axes, the inherent kinematics error will inevitably induce additional deviations onto the OMSM results. This paper presents a systematic methodology of kinematics error modelling, measurement, and compensation for OMSM on an ultra-precision turning lathe. According to the measurement task, a selective kinematics error model is established with four primary error components in the sensitive measurement direction, based on multi-body theory and a homogeneous transformation matrix (HTM). In order to separate the artefact error from the measurement results, the selected error components are measured using the reversal method. The measured error value agrees well with the machine tool’s specification and a kinematics error map is generated for further compensation. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed kinematics error modelling, measurement, and compensation, an OMSM experiment of an optically flat mirror is carried out. The result indicates the OMSM is the superposition of the sample surface form error and the machine tool kinematics error. With the implementation of compensation, the accuracy of the characterized flatness error from the OMSM improves by 67%.

AB - In order to enhance the measurement availability for manufacturing applications, on-machine surface measurement (OMSM) is integrated onto the machine tools, which avoids the errors caused by re-positioning workpieces and utilizes the machine axes to extend the measuring range as well. However, due to the fact that measurement probe actuation is performed using the machine tool axes, the inherent kinematics error will inevitably induce additional deviations onto the OMSM results. This paper presents a systematic methodology of kinematics error modelling, measurement, and compensation for OMSM on an ultra-precision turning lathe. According to the measurement task, a selective kinematics error model is established with four primary error components in the sensitive measurement direction, based on multi-body theory and a homogeneous transformation matrix (HTM). In order to separate the artefact error from the measurement results, the selected error components are measured using the reversal method. The measured error value agrees well with the machine tool’s specification and a kinematics error map is generated for further compensation. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed kinematics error modelling, measurement, and compensation, an OMSM experiment of an optically flat mirror is carried out. The result indicates the OMSM is the superposition of the sample surface form error and the machine tool kinematics error. With the implementation of compensation, the accuracy of the characterized flatness error from the OMSM improves by 67%.

KW - on-machine surface measurement

KW - kinematics error model

KW - error measurement

KW - error compensation

KW - ultra-precision machine tool

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DO - 10.3390/mi9070334

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VL - 9

JO - Micromachines

JF - Micromachines

SN - 2072-666X

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ER -