Knowledge, Attitude, and Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among Civil Servants in Nepal

Prakash Simkhada, Amudha Poobalan, Padam P. Simkhada, Raja Amalraj, Lorna Aucott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obesity threatens developing countries as urbanization increases, with civil servants being particularly vulnerable. The authors assess overweight/obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants along with their knowledge and attitudes. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted among 341 participants (97.4% response rate) also recorded height and weight. Participants were 40 ± 6.6 years, mostly males, married, and from a single ethnic group. Overweight/obesity prevalence was 33.4%. Knowledge of obesity was good. However, some attitudes toward obese people were negative, despite half of the participants believing obesity to indicate prosperity. Logistic regression indicated marriage and/or having a better job increased the overweight/obese risk by nearly 8 and 9 times, respectively. Heavier people were more likely to disagree with attitudes that obese people were "lazier" and "untidy." Obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants is already higher than the general population level. Health education and interventions are needed to translate knowledge into attitude and behavior changes in order to prevent this becoming an epidemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-517
Number of pages11
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Volume23
Issue number4
Early online date12 Oct 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

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