This paper presents the design, development, control, and supervision of a hardware-based laboratory multiterminal-direct-current (MTDC) testbed. This work is a part of the TWENTIES (transmission system operation with large penetration of wind and other renewable electricity sources in networks by means of innovative tools and integrated energy solutions) DEMO 3 European project, which aims to demonstrate the feasibility of a dc grid through experimental tests. This is a hardware-in-the-loop dc system testbed with simulated ac systems in real-time simulation; the dc cables and some converters are actual, at laboratory scale. The laboratory-scale testbed is homothetic to a full-scale high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) system: electrical elements are the same in per unit. The testbed is supervised by a supervisory control and data acquisition system based on PcVue. A primary control-based droop control method to provide dc grid power balance and coordinated control methods to dispatch power as scheduled by a transmission system operator are implemented. Since primary control acts as converter level by using local measurements, a coordinated control is proposed to manage the dc grid power flow. The implemented system is innovative and achievable for real-time real-world MTDC-HVDC grid applications.
Amamra, S., Colas, F., Guillaud, X., Rault, P., & Nguefeu, S. (2017). Laboratory Demonstration of a Multiterminal VSC-HVDC Power Grid. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 32(5), 2339-2349. . https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2016.2633327