Latent Profile Analysis of Psychopathic Traits Among Homicide, General Violent, Property, and White-Collar Offenders

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Abstract

Purpose:
The aim of this study was to identify meaningful subtypes of psychopathic traits among prisoners. Another aim was to estimate the association between psychopathy class membership and type of offending (homicide, general violent, property, and white-collar offences).

Methods:
A systematically selected representative sample of 1126 adult male prisoners completed a personality-based self-report measure of psychopathy, the Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS).

Results:
Latent profile analysis revealed five distinct classes of psychopathic traits: a “high psychopathy group” (7.1%)”, a “moderate psychopathy group” (10.8%), a “high interpersonal manipulation group” (20.8%), a “moderate affective/cognitive responsiveness group” (16.8%), and a “low psychopathy group” (44.6%). Multinominal logistic regression showed that general violent offenders were most likely to belong in the high psychopathy group, whereas property and white-collar criminals were most likely to be the members of the high interpersonal manipulation group.

Conclusions:
Findings suggest that most inmates, even those detained in maximum and medium security units, do not meet the diagnostic criteria for psychopathy. The significance of the present findings is discussed in relation to past and future research as well as clinical practice.
LanguageEnglish
Pages17-23
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Criminal Justice
Volume51
Early online date7 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

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Prisoners
Homicide
homicide
offender
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Self Report
Personality
Group
Logistic Models
prisoner
white-collar criminality
manipulation
class membership
personality traits
diagnostic
personality
logistics
regression

Cite this

@article{1232c28007f04d0d91337c66b1db47e9,
title = "Latent Profile Analysis of Psychopathic Traits Among Homicide, General Violent, Property, and White-Collar Offenders",
abstract = "Purpose:The aim of this study was to identify meaningful subtypes of psychopathic traits among prisoners. Another aim was to estimate the association between psychopathy class membership and type of offending (homicide, general violent, property, and white-collar offences).Methods:A systematically selected representative sample of 1126 adult male prisoners completed a personality-based self-report measure of psychopathy, the Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS).Results:Latent profile analysis revealed five distinct classes of psychopathic traits: a “high psychopathy group” (7.1{\%})”, a “moderate psychopathy group” (10.8{\%}), a “high interpersonal manipulation group” (20.8{\%}), a “moderate affective/cognitive responsiveness group” (16.8{\%}), and a “low psychopathy group” (44.6{\%}). Multinominal logistic regression showed that general violent offenders were most likely to belong in the high psychopathy group, whereas property and white-collar criminals were most likely to be the members of the high interpersonal manipulation group.Conclusions:Findings suggest that most inmates, even those detained in maximum and medium security units, do not meet the diagnostic criteria for psychopathy. The significance of the present findings is discussed in relation to past and future research as well as clinical practice.",
keywords = "Psychopathy, Psychopathic personality traits scale (PPTS), Latent profile analysis, Type of offenders, Prison study",
author = "Daniel Boduszek and Agata Debowska and Dominic Willmott",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2017.06.001",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "17--23",
journal = "Journal of Criminal Justice",
issn = "0047-2352",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

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T1 - Latent Profile Analysis of Psychopathic Traits Among Homicide, General Violent, Property, and White-Collar Offenders

AU - Boduszek, Daniel

AU - Debowska, Agata

AU - Willmott, Dominic

PY - 2017/7

Y1 - 2017/7

N2 - Purpose:The aim of this study was to identify meaningful subtypes of psychopathic traits among prisoners. Another aim was to estimate the association between psychopathy class membership and type of offending (homicide, general violent, property, and white-collar offences).Methods:A systematically selected representative sample of 1126 adult male prisoners completed a personality-based self-report measure of psychopathy, the Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS).Results:Latent profile analysis revealed five distinct classes of psychopathic traits: a “high psychopathy group” (7.1%)”, a “moderate psychopathy group” (10.8%), a “high interpersonal manipulation group” (20.8%), a “moderate affective/cognitive responsiveness group” (16.8%), and a “low psychopathy group” (44.6%). Multinominal logistic regression showed that general violent offenders were most likely to belong in the high psychopathy group, whereas property and white-collar criminals were most likely to be the members of the high interpersonal manipulation group.Conclusions:Findings suggest that most inmates, even those detained in maximum and medium security units, do not meet the diagnostic criteria for psychopathy. The significance of the present findings is discussed in relation to past and future research as well as clinical practice.

AB - Purpose:The aim of this study was to identify meaningful subtypes of psychopathic traits among prisoners. Another aim was to estimate the association between psychopathy class membership and type of offending (homicide, general violent, property, and white-collar offences).Methods:A systematically selected representative sample of 1126 adult male prisoners completed a personality-based self-report measure of psychopathy, the Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS).Results:Latent profile analysis revealed five distinct classes of psychopathic traits: a “high psychopathy group” (7.1%)”, a “moderate psychopathy group” (10.8%), a “high interpersonal manipulation group” (20.8%), a “moderate affective/cognitive responsiveness group” (16.8%), and a “low psychopathy group” (44.6%). Multinominal logistic regression showed that general violent offenders were most likely to belong in the high psychopathy group, whereas property and white-collar criminals were most likely to be the members of the high interpersonal manipulation group.Conclusions:Findings suggest that most inmates, even those detained in maximum and medium security units, do not meet the diagnostic criteria for psychopathy. The significance of the present findings is discussed in relation to past and future research as well as clinical practice.

KW - Psychopathy

KW - Psychopathic personality traits scale (PPTS)

KW - Latent profile analysis

KW - Type of offenders

KW - Prison study

UR - https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-criminal-justice

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DO - 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2017.06.001

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