Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) Forced Migrants and Asylum Seekers: Multiple Discriminations

Guillain Koko, Surya Monro, Kate Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter addresses the issue of forced migration amongst LGBTQI Africans, based on original empirical material from qualitative studies conducted in South Africa with refugees from countries including Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. LGBTQI people become forced migrants for a number of reasons, including internal displacement, fleeing violence and prejudice, or being deported. Whilst some of these grounds for forced migration are shared with other migrants, others are LGBTQI-specific, in particular where migration is due to persecution relating to gender or sexual identity. The chapter provides an overview of international, pan-African and national human rights instruments regarding forced LGBTQ migrants. It then focuses on the experiences of forced LGBTQ migrants in South Africa. Key difficulties include a lack of legal status, xenophobic violence and prejudice, and insufficient access to housing and employment. The chapter illuminates the discriminations faced by forced LGBTQ migrants in South Africa, in their relations with state institutions. It uses intersectionality theory in understanding the multiple marginalisations that African LGBTQI forced migrants and asylum seekers face, and their invisibility, as well as the coping strategies that some of them use. In so doing, the chapter develops knowledge about human rights deficits and in addition contributes to African approaches to intersectionality studies.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationQueer in Africa
Subtitle of host publicationLGBTQI Identities, Citizenship, and Activism
EditorsZethu Matebeni, Surya Monro, Vasu Reddy
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter9
ISBN (Electronic)9781138222847
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2018

Publication series

NameRoutledge Advances in Critical Diversities

Fingerprint

asylum seeker
discrimination
migrant
intersectionality
migration
prejudice
human rights
violence
Burundi
Somalia
Democratic Republic of the Congo
legal status
Ethiopia
Uganda
Zimbabwe
refugee
coping
deficit
housing
lack

Cite this

Koko, G., Monro, S., & Smith, K. (2018). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) Forced Migrants and Asylum Seekers: Multiple Discriminations. In Z. Matebeni, S. Monro, & V. Reddy (Eds.), Queer in Africa: LGBTQI Identities, Citizenship, and Activism (Routledge Advances in Critical Diversities). Routledge.
Koko, Guillain ; Monro, Surya ; Smith, Kate. / Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) Forced Migrants and Asylum Seekers : Multiple Discriminations. Queer in Africa: LGBTQI Identities, Citizenship, and Activism. editor / Zethu Matebeni ; Surya Monro ; Vasu Reddy. Routledge, 2018. (Routledge Advances in Critical Diversities).
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Koko, G, Monro, S & Smith, K 2018, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) Forced Migrants and Asylum Seekers: Multiple Discriminations. in Z Matebeni, S Monro & V Reddy (eds), Queer in Africa: LGBTQI Identities, Citizenship, and Activism. Routledge Advances in Critical Diversities, Routledge.

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) Forced Migrants and Asylum Seekers : Multiple Discriminations. / Koko, Guillain ; Monro, Surya; Smith, Kate.

Queer in Africa: LGBTQI Identities, Citizenship, and Activism. ed. / Zethu Matebeni; Surya Monro; Vasu Reddy. Routledge, 2018. (Routledge Advances in Critical Diversities).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Koko G, Monro S, Smith K. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) Forced Migrants and Asylum Seekers: Multiple Discriminations. In Matebeni Z, Monro S, Reddy V, editors, Queer in Africa: LGBTQI Identities, Citizenship, and Activism. Routledge. 2018. (Routledge Advances in Critical Diversities).