1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter examines the degree of air transport liberalisation in emerging economies and its effect on the state and intensity of competition. It provides an overview of the bilateral and multilateral policies used by emerging markets to expand their air services. The chapter reviews the literature on air transport liberalisation and competition in emerging economies, and their role in facilitating this growth. It presents four case studies in which air policy and the structure of the airline industry are analysed in detail. Indonesia has emerged as one of the world's most dynamic and biggest aviation growth markets. Most Indonesian carriers have been slow to expand in international markets, preferring to content themselves with domestic expansion. The chapter concludes with a summary that emphasises the need for further liberalisation and competition policies to safeguard consumer interests.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Companion to Air Transport Management
EditorsNigel Halpern, Anne Graham
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781315630540
ISBN (Print)9781138641372
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2018

Publication series

NameRoutledge Companions in Business, Management and Accounting


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