Life Two Years After Relocation: Status quo of Natural Hazard Induced Displacement and Relocation in Kegalle, Sri Lanka

Nishara Fernando, Dilanthi Amaratunga, Belinda Wise, Richard Haigh, Jude Prasanna, Anuruddha Vijekumara, Kasun Ekanayaka, Anuradha Senanayake, Naduni Jayasinghe

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned reportpeer-review

Abstract

High impact disaster events have occurred frequently in Sri Lanka since 2011, affecting more than 1 million people annually (Sri Lanka Rapid Post Disaster Needs Assessment Floods and Landslides, 2017). Notable among them were the torrential rains which resulted in severe flooding and landslides in almost 20 of the 25 districts in the country in 2016. A report by the IOM reveals that 340,150 individuals and 84,696 families were affected. The natural hazard claimed the lives of 84 individuals. Heavy rains combined with slope instability due to inappropriate land use triggered the movement of major masses of soil and rocks over houses, public infrastructure and economic activities in several areas of Sri Lanka in 2016. According to the statistics of the DMC (2019), 36, 121 people belonging to 9,983 families were affected in the Kegalle District alone. 52 deaths were reported and 99 people were missing. In addition, 168 houses were totally damaged and 1,631 were partially damaged. Resettlement projects play a vital role in restoring the lives of people affected by either disaster induced, conflict induced or development induced relocation. Resettlement is a complex process which has its own challenges, risks and stresses. It is a combination of socio-economic and cultural factors. In the aftermath of this event, the NBRO which is a leading Research & Development institution, a reputed technical service provider and the national focal point for landslide risk management in Sri Lanka, devised the resettlement implementation framework which was approved by the Parliament and Cabinet of ministers to relocate families living in areas of high landslide risks and houses damaged by landslides. Houses were built under 2 approaches namely; (1) Donor driven and (2) Owner driven. Under the Owner driven approach three alternatives (1) Owner Driven at Government Relocation Sites (GRS) (2) Owner Driven at Individual Relocation Sites (IRS) and (3) Individual Resettled in pre-exist Houses (IRH) were made available to the people.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherNational Building Research Organisation (NBRO), Sri Lanka
Commissioning bodyNational Building Research Organisation
Number of pages56
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

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