Longitudinal Associations between Narcissism, Mental Toughness and School Achievement

Kostas A. Papageorgiou, Margherita Malanchini, Andrew Denovan, Peter Clough, Nicholas Shakeshaft, Kerry Schofield, Yulia Kovas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Mental Toughness has been associated with optimal performance
across diverse contexts including academic achievement. MT is positively
associated with subclinical narcissism. Cross-sectional research reported
that high narcissism may contribute indirectly to enhanced positive
outcomes, through MT. This study is the first to explore longitudinally
the development of the association between MT, narcissism and achievement
in a sample of adolescents. MT correlated positively with narcissism and
predicted a small percentage of the variation in school achievement.
Narcissism did not correlate significantly with school achievement.
However, subclinical narcissism exerted a significant positive indirect
effect on school achievement through MT. The findings suggest that the
relationship between narcissism and MT could be one of the non-cognitive
mechanisms that underlie individual variation in school achievement
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-110
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Early online date25 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018


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