Loss of Corneodesmosin Leads to Severe Skin Barrier Defect, Pruritus, and Atopy: Unraveling the Peeling Skin Disease

Vinzenz Oji, Katja-Martina Eckl, Karin Aufenvenne, Marc Nätebus, Tatjana Tarinski, Katharina Ackermann, Natalia Seller, Dieter Metze, Gudrun Nürnberg, Regina Fölster-holst, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Ingrid Hausser, Heiko Traupe, Hans Christian Hennies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Generalized peeling skin disease is an autosomal-recessive ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by lifelong patchy peeling of the skin. After genome-wide linkage analysis, we have identified a homozygous nonsense mutation in CDSN in a large consanguineous family with generalized peeling skin, pruritus, and food allergies, which leads to a complete loss of corneodesmosin. In contrast to hypotrichosis simplex, which can be associated with specific dominant CDSN mutations, peeling skin disease is characterized by a complete loss of CDSN expression. The skin phenotype is consistent with a recent murine Cdsn knockout model. Using three-dimensional human skin models, we demonstrate that lack of corneodesmosin causes an epidermal barrier defect supposed to account for the predisposition to atopic diseases, and we confirm the role of corneodesmosin as a decisive epidermal adhesion molecule. Therefore, peeling skin disease will represent a new model disorder for atopic diseases, similarly to Netherton syndrome and ichthyosis vulgaris in the recent past.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-81
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Loss of Corneodesmosin Leads to Severe Skin Barrier Defect, Pruritus, and Atopy: Unraveling the Peeling Skin Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this