Macro- and nanodimensional plant fiber reinforcements for cementitious composites

Sharma Parveen, Sohel Rana, Raul Fangueiro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays, the use of plant fibers in the civil construction industry is growing rapidly due to their low cost, light weight and good specific mechanical properties, lower health hazard, and environmental benefits. Nanodimensional fibers derived from plants such as nanocellulose are also getting considerable attention due to their excellent mechanical properties. This chapter discusses these different types of plant fibers and their derivatives which have huge application potential in the civil construction sector. The influence of plant fibers on microstructure as well as on physical-mechanical properties of cementitious composites are discussed in detail. The challenges regarding plant fiber processing and dispersion, the fiber/matrix interface, and the durability of plant fiber-cement composites are also addressed. The application of nanocellulose in polymer composites has been included in this chapter just to provide the readers sufficient background information and techniques to inspire engineered cement-based composites. Finally, the chapter concludes with the current application of plant fibers in civil construction and the future trends.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable and Nonconventional Construction Materials using Inorganic Bonded Fiber Composites
EditorsHolmer Savastano Junior, Juliano Fiorelli, Sergio Francisco Dos Santos
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9780081020029
ISBN (Print)9780081020012
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes


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