Max Phase Materials for Nuclear Applications

K. Lambrinou, T. Lapauw, B. Tunca, J. Vleugels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This chapter discusses how MAX phases combine unique mechanical and thermal properties with good corrosion resistance and promising radiation tolerance. Their unique combination of properties makes some of the MAX phases attractive for harsh service conditions such as those established in the core of a nuclear reactor system. More specifically, the cladding tubes containing the fuel pellets are subjected to elevated temperatures and high neutron irradiation doses while being exposed to a usually corrosive primary coolant. The chapter also examines the influence of the chemical starting composition on the final phase assembly of the hot pressed ceramics, revealing that selecting the appropriate Al and C contents in the starting powder mixture is crucial. Phase‐pure ceramics were not obtained under the investigated conditions. One of the major challenges in the development of lead‐cooled fast reactors (Gen‐IV LFRs) is the inherent corrosiveness of the heavy liquid metal coolant for most structural and cladding steels. Undesirable liquid metal corrosion effects degrade all stainless steels exposed to liquid lead (Pb) and lead‐bismuth eutectic (LBE) due to the dissolution of steel alloying elements (Ni, Mn, Cr, Fe) in the liquid metal, which becomes severe at high temperatures and low oxygen contents in the liquid metal coolant.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationDevelopments in Strategic Ceramic Materials II
Subtitle of host publicationCeramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2016
EditorsWaltraud M. Kriven, Jingyang Wang, Yanchun Zhou, Dongming Zhu, Gustavo Costa, Manabu Fukushima, Andrew Gyenkenyesi
PublisherAmerican Ceramic Society
Pages223-233
Number of pages11
Volume37
Edition7
ISBN (Electronic)9781119321811
ISBN (Print)9781119321781
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes
EventDevelopments in Strategic Ceramic Materials II - 40th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, ICACC 2016 - Daytona Beach, United States
Duration: 24 Jan 201629 Jan 2016

Conference

ConferenceDevelopments in Strategic Ceramic Materials II - 40th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, ICACC 2016
CountryUnited States
CityDaytona Beach
Period24/01/1629/01/16

Fingerprint

Liquid metals
Coolants
Lead
Steel
Caustics
Neutron irradiation
Fast reactors
Stainless Steel
Alloying elements
Nuclear reactors
Bismuth
Powders
Eutectics
Dosimetry
Corrosion resistance
Dissolution
Thermodynamic properties
Stainless steel
Corrosion
Oxygen

Cite this

Lambrinou, K., Lapauw, T., Tunca, B., & Vleugels, J. (2017). Max Phase Materials for Nuclear Applications. In W. M. Kriven, J. Wang, Y. Zhou, D. Zhu, G. Costa, M. Fukushima, & A. Gyenkenyesi (Eds.), Developments in Strategic Ceramic Materials II: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2016 (7 ed., Vol. 37, pp. 223-233). American Ceramic Society. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119321811.ch21
Lambrinou, K. ; Lapauw, T. ; Tunca, B. ; Vleugels, J. / Max Phase Materials for Nuclear Applications. Developments in Strategic Ceramic Materials II: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2016. editor / Waltraud M. Kriven ; Jingyang Wang ; Yanchun Zhou ; Dongming Zhu ; Gustavo Costa ; Manabu Fukushima ; Andrew Gyenkenyesi. Vol. 37 7. ed. American Ceramic Society, 2017. pp. 223-233
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Lambrinou, K, Lapauw, T, Tunca, B & Vleugels, J 2017, Max Phase Materials for Nuclear Applications. in WM Kriven, J Wang, Y Zhou, D Zhu, G Costa, M Fukushima & A Gyenkenyesi (eds), Developments in Strategic Ceramic Materials II: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2016. 7 edn, vol. 37, American Ceramic Society, pp. 223-233, Developments in Strategic Ceramic Materials II - 40th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, ICACC 2016, Daytona Beach, United States, 24/01/16. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119321811.ch21

Max Phase Materials for Nuclear Applications. / Lambrinou, K.; Lapauw, T.; Tunca, B.; Vleugels, J.

Developments in Strategic Ceramic Materials II: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2016. ed. / Waltraud M. Kriven; Jingyang Wang; Yanchun Zhou; Dongming Zhu; Gustavo Costa; Manabu Fukushima; Andrew Gyenkenyesi. Vol. 37 7. ed. American Ceramic Society, 2017. p. 223-233.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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PB - American Ceramic Society

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Lambrinou K, Lapauw T, Tunca B, Vleugels J. Max Phase Materials for Nuclear Applications. In Kriven WM, Wang J, Zhou Y, Zhu D, Costa G, Fukushima M, Gyenkenyesi A, editors, Developments in Strategic Ceramic Materials II: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2016. 7 ed. Vol. 37. American Ceramic Society. 2017. p. 223-233 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119321811.ch21