Measuring teaching efficiency in higher education: An application of data envelopment analysis to economics graduates from UK Universities 1993

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Abstract

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is applied to 2547 Economics graduates from UK Universities in 1993 in order to assess teaching efficiency. Following a methodology developed by [Education Economics 10(2) (2002) 183-207], each individual's efficiency is decomposed into two components: one attributable to the university at which the student studied, and the other attributable to the student himself. From the former component, a measure of each institution's teaching efficiency is derived and compared to efficiency scores derived from a conventional DEA applied using each Economics department as a decision making unit (DMU). The results suggest that efficiencies derived from DEAs performed at an aggregate level include both institution and individual components, and are therefore misleading. Thus the unit of analysis in a DEA is highly important. Moreover, an analysis at the individual level can give institutions insight into whether it is the students' own efforts or the institution's efficiency which are a constraint on increased efficiency. This has implications for the choice of strategy for improving efficiency.

LanguageEnglish
Pages443-456
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Volume174
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Data envelopment analysis
Data Envelopment Analysis
Higher Education
Teaching
Education
Economics
Students
Unit
Universities
Decision making
Decision Making
Methodology

Cite this

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abstract = "Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is applied to 2547 Economics graduates from UK Universities in 1993 in order to assess teaching efficiency. Following a methodology developed by [Education Economics 10(2) (2002) 183-207], each individual's efficiency is decomposed into two components: one attributable to the university at which the student studied, and the other attributable to the student himself. From the former component, a measure of each institution's teaching efficiency is derived and compared to efficiency scores derived from a conventional DEA applied using each Economics department as a decision making unit (DMU). The results suggest that efficiencies derived from DEAs performed at an aggregate level include both institution and individual components, and are therefore misleading. Thus the unit of analysis in a DEA is highly important. Moreover, an analysis at the individual level can give institutions insight into whether it is the students' own efforts or the institution's efficiency which are a constraint on increased efficiency. This has implications for the choice of strategy for improving efficiency.",
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