Mental Illness Stigmatisation Among Malaysian Adults: a systematic review

Violet Rajagopal, John Stephenson, Karen Ousey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Stigmatisation is considered a 'second illness' for people with a mental illness and is highly prevalent in Malaysia. Stigmatisation negatively impacts wellbeing, recovery and productivity. Addressing stigmatisation is integral towards people attaining a higher quality of life.

AIM: To explore mental illness stigmatisation in Malaysian adults.

METHOD: A systematic literature review was conducted using thematic analysis to synthesise and categorise evidence. Five key themes emerged, providing insight into mental health stigmatisation.

FINDINGS: Cultural beliefs, limited knowledge of mental health and lack of education on mental health were factors influencing stigmatisation. Stigmatisation significantly affected the wellbeing and functioning of people with a mental illness. Interventions such as contact-based education effectively reduce stigmatising attitudes manifested by healthcare providers.

CONCLUSION: Establishing mental health literacy, encouraging patient contact, promoting mental health awareness and strengthening mental health policies could reduce mental illness stigmatisation and its impact in Malaysia. Future research is warranted to investigate the impact on physical wellbeing and anti-stigmatising strategies targeting the general public.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)988-994
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Nursing
Issue number20
Early online date8 Nov 2023
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2023

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