Mental Toughness, Sleep Disturbances, and Physical Activity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Compared to Health Adolescents and Young Adults

Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Markus Gerber, Nadeem Kalak, Sakari Lemola, Peter Clough, Pasquale Calabrese, Vahid Shaygannejad, Uwe Pühse, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background:
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic autoimmune demyelinating and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, afflicting both the body and mind. The risk of suffering from MS is 2.5–3.5 times greater in females than in males. While there is extant research on fatigue, depression, and cognitive impairment in patients with MS during its clinical course, there is a lack of research focusing on sleep, psychological functioning, and physical activity (PA) at the point of disease onset. The aims of the present study were therefore, to assess the markers of mental toughness (MT) as a dimension of psychological functioning, sleep disturbances (SD), and PA among patients at the moment of disease onset and to compare these with the corresponding values for healthy adolescents and young adults.

Methods:
A total of 23 patients with MS at disease onset (mean age =32.31 years; 91% females), 23 healthy adolescents (mean age =17.43 years; 82% females), and 25 healthy young adults (mean age =20.72 years; 80% females) took part in the study. They completed questionnaires covering sociodemographic data, MT, SD, and PA.

Results:
Patients with MS had similar scores for MT traits as those in healthy adolescents and healthy young adults, and equivalent levels of moderate-intensity PA and SD as young adults. MS patients reported lower levels of vigorous PA compared to both healthy adolescents and young adults.

Conclusion:
The pattern of the results of the present study suggests that the onset of MS is not associated with poor MT, poor sleep, or reduced moderate-intensity PA. Lower levels of vigorous PA were observed in MS patients. Low levels of vigorous PA may lead to decreased cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with MS and, in the long run, to reduced cardiovascular health and degraded psychological functioning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1571-1579
Number of pages9
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Multiple Sclerosis
Young Adult
Sleep
Exercise
Psychology
CNS Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases
Adolescent Health
Age of Onset
Research
Fatigue
Depression
Health

Cite this

Bahmani, Dena Sadeghi ; Gerber, Markus ; Kalak, Nadeem ; Lemola, Sakari ; Clough, Peter ; Calabrese, Pasquale ; Shaygannejad, Vahid ; Pühse, Uwe ; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith ; Brand, Serge. / Mental Toughness, Sleep Disturbances, and Physical Activity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Compared to Health Adolescents and Young Adults. In: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2016 ; Vol. 12. pp. 1571-1579.
@article{086d47f7fc4c44068d41d7de33291fa8,
title = "Mental Toughness, Sleep Disturbances, and Physical Activity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Compared to Health Adolescents and Young Adults",
abstract = "Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic autoimmune demyelinating and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, afflicting both the body and mind. The risk of suffering from MS is 2.5–3.5 times greater in females than in males. While there is extant research on fatigue, depression, and cognitive impairment in patients with MS during its clinical course, there is a lack of research focusing on sleep, psychological functioning, and physical activity (PA) at the point of disease onset. The aims of the present study were therefore, to assess the markers of mental toughness (MT) as a dimension of psychological functioning, sleep disturbances (SD), and PA among patients at the moment of disease onset and to compare these with the corresponding values for healthy adolescents and young adults.Methods: A total of 23 patients with MS at disease onset (mean age =32.31 years; 91{\%} females), 23 healthy adolescents (mean age =17.43 years; 82{\%} females), and 25 healthy young adults (mean age =20.72 years; 80{\%} females) took part in the study. They completed questionnaires covering sociodemographic data, MT, SD, and PA.Results: Patients with MS had similar scores for MT traits as those in healthy adolescents and healthy young adults, and equivalent levels of moderate-intensity PA and SD as young adults. MS patients reported lower levels of vigorous PA compared to both healthy adolescents and young adults.Conclusion: The pattern of the results of the present study suggests that the onset of MS is not associated with poor MT, poor sleep, or reduced moderate-intensity PA. Lower levels of vigorous PA were observed in MS patients. Low levels of vigorous PA may lead to decreased cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with MS and, in the long run, to reduced cardiovascular health and degraded psychological functioning.",
keywords = "Multiple sclerosis, Illness onset, Mental toughness, Sleep disturbances, Physical activity, Healthy controls",
author = "Bahmani, {Dena Sadeghi} and Markus Gerber and Nadeem Kalak and Sakari Lemola and Peter Clough and Pasquale Calabrese and Vahid Shaygannejad and Uwe P{\"u}hse and Edith Holsboer-Trachsler and Serge Brand",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
day = "27",
doi = "10.2147/NDT.S111208",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "1571--1579",
journal = "Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment",
issn = "1176-6328",
publisher = "Dove Medical Press Ltd.",

}

Bahmani, DS, Gerber, M, Kalak, N, Lemola, S, Clough, P, Calabrese, P, Shaygannejad, V, Pühse, U, Holsboer-Trachsler, E & Brand, S 2016, 'Mental Toughness, Sleep Disturbances, and Physical Activity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Compared to Health Adolescents and Young Adults', Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, vol. 12, pp. 1571-1579. https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S111208

Mental Toughness, Sleep Disturbances, and Physical Activity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Compared to Health Adolescents and Young Adults. / Bahmani, Dena Sadeghi; Gerber, Markus; Kalak, Nadeem; Lemola, Sakari; Clough, Peter; Calabrese, Pasquale; Shaygannejad, Vahid; Pühse, Uwe; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith; Brand, Serge.

In: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, Vol. 12, 27.06.2016, p. 1571-1579.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mental Toughness, Sleep Disturbances, and Physical Activity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Compared to Health Adolescents and Young Adults

AU - Bahmani, Dena Sadeghi

AU - Gerber, Markus

AU - Kalak, Nadeem

AU - Lemola, Sakari

AU - Clough, Peter

AU - Calabrese, Pasquale

AU - Shaygannejad, Vahid

AU - Pühse, Uwe

AU - Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith

AU - Brand, Serge

PY - 2016/6/27

Y1 - 2016/6/27

N2 - Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic autoimmune demyelinating and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, afflicting both the body and mind. The risk of suffering from MS is 2.5–3.5 times greater in females than in males. While there is extant research on fatigue, depression, and cognitive impairment in patients with MS during its clinical course, there is a lack of research focusing on sleep, psychological functioning, and physical activity (PA) at the point of disease onset. The aims of the present study were therefore, to assess the markers of mental toughness (MT) as a dimension of psychological functioning, sleep disturbances (SD), and PA among patients at the moment of disease onset and to compare these with the corresponding values for healthy adolescents and young adults.Methods: A total of 23 patients with MS at disease onset (mean age =32.31 years; 91% females), 23 healthy adolescents (mean age =17.43 years; 82% females), and 25 healthy young adults (mean age =20.72 years; 80% females) took part in the study. They completed questionnaires covering sociodemographic data, MT, SD, and PA.Results: Patients with MS had similar scores for MT traits as those in healthy adolescents and healthy young adults, and equivalent levels of moderate-intensity PA and SD as young adults. MS patients reported lower levels of vigorous PA compared to both healthy adolescents and young adults.Conclusion: The pattern of the results of the present study suggests that the onset of MS is not associated with poor MT, poor sleep, or reduced moderate-intensity PA. Lower levels of vigorous PA were observed in MS patients. Low levels of vigorous PA may lead to decreased cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with MS and, in the long run, to reduced cardiovascular health and degraded psychological functioning.

AB - Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic autoimmune demyelinating and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, afflicting both the body and mind. The risk of suffering from MS is 2.5–3.5 times greater in females than in males. While there is extant research on fatigue, depression, and cognitive impairment in patients with MS during its clinical course, there is a lack of research focusing on sleep, psychological functioning, and physical activity (PA) at the point of disease onset. The aims of the present study were therefore, to assess the markers of mental toughness (MT) as a dimension of psychological functioning, sleep disturbances (SD), and PA among patients at the moment of disease onset and to compare these with the corresponding values for healthy adolescents and young adults.Methods: A total of 23 patients with MS at disease onset (mean age =32.31 years; 91% females), 23 healthy adolescents (mean age =17.43 years; 82% females), and 25 healthy young adults (mean age =20.72 years; 80% females) took part in the study. They completed questionnaires covering sociodemographic data, MT, SD, and PA.Results: Patients with MS had similar scores for MT traits as those in healthy adolescents and healthy young adults, and equivalent levels of moderate-intensity PA and SD as young adults. MS patients reported lower levels of vigorous PA compared to both healthy adolescents and young adults.Conclusion: The pattern of the results of the present study suggests that the onset of MS is not associated with poor MT, poor sleep, or reduced moderate-intensity PA. Lower levels of vigorous PA were observed in MS patients. Low levels of vigorous PA may lead to decreased cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with MS and, in the long run, to reduced cardiovascular health and degraded psychological functioning.

KW - Multiple sclerosis

KW - Illness onset

KW - Mental toughness

KW - Sleep disturbances

KW - Physical activity

KW - Healthy controls

UR - https://www.dovepress.com/neuropsychiatric-disease-and-treatment-journal

U2 - 10.2147/NDT.S111208

DO - 10.2147/NDT.S111208

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 1571

EP - 1579

JO - Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

JF - Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

SN - 1176-6328

ER -