Metabolic And Physiological Responses To 120 Minutes Of Soccer-Specific Exercise

Liam Harper, Daniel J. West, Emma J. Stevenson, Mark Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

Abstract

The metabolic and physiological responses to 90 minutes of soccer-specific exercise have been extensively reported. However, the responses to an additional 30 minutes of play (termed extratime; ET) are unclear. This is surprising as performance during ET can determine progression in specific tournament matches. PURPOSE: To profile the metabolic and physiological responses to 120 minutes of simulated soccer match-play. METHODS: Following habituation of protocol-specific practices, 22 university standard soccer players (21 ± 2 y) completed 120 minutes of a soccer-specific protocol. Venous blood was collected during exercise for analysis of blood glucose and lactate, plasma insulin, epinephrine, interleukin-6 (IL-6) glycerol, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and plasma volume changes. Heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and 15-m sprint velocities were measured throughout exercise. RESULTS: Repeated measures analysis of variance highlighted that exercise significantly influenced all measured variables (p<0.001). Blood glucose, lactate and plasma insulin concentrations were lower (p<0.05) in ET compared to all time points up to, and including 90 minutes (-11%, -15%, -15%, compared to 90 min, respectively). Plasma IL-6, epinephrine, glycerol and NEFA were higher (p<0.05) in ET compared to all time points up to and including 90 minutes (+28%, +110%, +26%, +34%, compared to 90 min, respectively). There were no significant changes in plasma volume or HR during ET compared to the rest of exercise. RPE was higher (p<0.001) during ET compared to the first 90 minutes of exercise (16±2 vs. 13±2). Sprint velocities (15-m) were lower during ET compared to the first 90 minutes of exercise (4.98 ± 0.29 vs. 5.43 ± 0.38 ms-1; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The ET period elicits different physiological and metabolic responses to those observed during the prior 90 minutes of soccer-specific exercise. Reductions in blood glucose and lactate with concomitant increases in plasma epinephrine, NEFA and glycerol may demonstrate a greater reliance on fat oxidation and a likely greater dependency on endogenous fuel sources (i.e., muscle and liver glycogen). With reductions in exercise performance (i.e., reduced sprint velocities) and a greater physiological challenge (i.e., increased RPE), interventions that seek to attenuate diminutions in performance provide future research opportunities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3544
Number of pages1
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume47
Issue number5S
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventAmerican College of Sports Medicine 62nd Annual Meeting - San Diego, United States
Duration: 26 May 201530 May 2015
http://www.acsmannualmeeting.org/past-meetings/2015-san-diego/

Fingerprint

Soccer
Glycerol
Epinephrine
Blood Glucose
Lactic Acid
Fatty Acids
Plasma Volume
Interleukin-6
Heart Rate
Insulin
Liver Glycogen
Metabolome
Analysis of Variance
Fats
Muscles

Cite this

Harper, Liam ; West, Daniel J. ; Stevenson, Emma J. ; Russell, Mark. / Metabolic And Physiological Responses To 120 Minutes Of Soccer-Specific Exercise. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2015 ; Vol. 47, No. 5S. pp. 3544.
@article{891932ec114d4387acea5192c66e7a28,
title = "Metabolic And Physiological Responses To 120 Minutes Of Soccer-Specific Exercise",
abstract = "The metabolic and physiological responses to 90 minutes of soccer-specific exercise have been extensively reported. However, the responses to an additional 30 minutes of play (termed extratime; ET) are unclear. This is surprising as performance during ET can determine progression in specific tournament matches. PURPOSE: To profile the metabolic and physiological responses to 120 minutes of simulated soccer match-play. METHODS: Following habituation of protocol-specific practices, 22 university standard soccer players (21 ± 2 y) completed 120 minutes of a soccer-specific protocol. Venous blood was collected during exercise for analysis of blood glucose and lactate, plasma insulin, epinephrine, interleukin-6 (IL-6) glycerol, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and plasma volume changes. Heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and 15-m sprint velocities were measured throughout exercise. RESULTS: Repeated measures analysis of variance highlighted that exercise significantly influenced all measured variables (p<0.001). Blood glucose, lactate and plasma insulin concentrations were lower (p<0.05) in ET compared to all time points up to, and including 90 minutes (-11{\%}, -15{\%}, -15{\%}, compared to 90 min, respectively). Plasma IL-6, epinephrine, glycerol and NEFA were higher (p<0.05) in ET compared to all time points up to and including 90 minutes (+28{\%}, +110{\%}, +26{\%}, +34{\%}, compared to 90 min, respectively). There were no significant changes in plasma volume or HR during ET compared to the rest of exercise. RPE was higher (p<0.001) during ET compared to the first 90 minutes of exercise (16±2 vs. 13±2). Sprint velocities (15-m) were lower during ET compared to the first 90 minutes of exercise (4.98 ± 0.29 vs. 5.43 ± 0.38 ms-1; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The ET period elicits different physiological and metabolic responses to those observed during the prior 90 minutes of soccer-specific exercise. Reductions in blood glucose and lactate with concomitant increases in plasma epinephrine, NEFA and glycerol may demonstrate a greater reliance on fat oxidation and a likely greater dependency on endogenous fuel sources (i.e., muscle and liver glycogen). With reductions in exercise performance (i.e., reduced sprint velocities) and a greater physiological challenge (i.e., increased RPE), interventions that seek to attenuate diminutions in performance provide future research opportunities.",
author = "Liam Harper and West, {Daniel J.} and Stevenson, {Emma J.} and Mark Russell",
year = "2015",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1249/01.mss.0000479360.39072.84",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "3544",
journal = "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise",
issn = "0195-9131",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5S",

}

Metabolic And Physiological Responses To 120 Minutes Of Soccer-Specific Exercise. / Harper, Liam; West, Daniel J.; Stevenson, Emma J.; Russell, Mark.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 47, No. 5S, 05.2015, p. 3544.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metabolic And Physiological Responses To 120 Minutes Of Soccer-Specific Exercise

AU - Harper, Liam

AU - West, Daniel J.

AU - Stevenson, Emma J.

AU - Russell, Mark

PY - 2015/5

Y1 - 2015/5

N2 - The metabolic and physiological responses to 90 minutes of soccer-specific exercise have been extensively reported. However, the responses to an additional 30 minutes of play (termed extratime; ET) are unclear. This is surprising as performance during ET can determine progression in specific tournament matches. PURPOSE: To profile the metabolic and physiological responses to 120 minutes of simulated soccer match-play. METHODS: Following habituation of protocol-specific practices, 22 university standard soccer players (21 ± 2 y) completed 120 minutes of a soccer-specific protocol. Venous blood was collected during exercise for analysis of blood glucose and lactate, plasma insulin, epinephrine, interleukin-6 (IL-6) glycerol, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and plasma volume changes. Heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and 15-m sprint velocities were measured throughout exercise. RESULTS: Repeated measures analysis of variance highlighted that exercise significantly influenced all measured variables (p<0.001). Blood glucose, lactate and plasma insulin concentrations were lower (p<0.05) in ET compared to all time points up to, and including 90 minutes (-11%, -15%, -15%, compared to 90 min, respectively). Plasma IL-6, epinephrine, glycerol and NEFA were higher (p<0.05) in ET compared to all time points up to and including 90 minutes (+28%, +110%, +26%, +34%, compared to 90 min, respectively). There were no significant changes in plasma volume or HR during ET compared to the rest of exercise. RPE was higher (p<0.001) during ET compared to the first 90 minutes of exercise (16±2 vs. 13±2). Sprint velocities (15-m) were lower during ET compared to the first 90 minutes of exercise (4.98 ± 0.29 vs. 5.43 ± 0.38 ms-1; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The ET period elicits different physiological and metabolic responses to those observed during the prior 90 minutes of soccer-specific exercise. Reductions in blood glucose and lactate with concomitant increases in plasma epinephrine, NEFA and glycerol may demonstrate a greater reliance on fat oxidation and a likely greater dependency on endogenous fuel sources (i.e., muscle and liver glycogen). With reductions in exercise performance (i.e., reduced sprint velocities) and a greater physiological challenge (i.e., increased RPE), interventions that seek to attenuate diminutions in performance provide future research opportunities.

AB - The metabolic and physiological responses to 90 minutes of soccer-specific exercise have been extensively reported. However, the responses to an additional 30 minutes of play (termed extratime; ET) are unclear. This is surprising as performance during ET can determine progression in specific tournament matches. PURPOSE: To profile the metabolic and physiological responses to 120 minutes of simulated soccer match-play. METHODS: Following habituation of protocol-specific practices, 22 university standard soccer players (21 ± 2 y) completed 120 minutes of a soccer-specific protocol. Venous blood was collected during exercise for analysis of blood glucose and lactate, plasma insulin, epinephrine, interleukin-6 (IL-6) glycerol, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and plasma volume changes. Heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and 15-m sprint velocities were measured throughout exercise. RESULTS: Repeated measures analysis of variance highlighted that exercise significantly influenced all measured variables (p<0.001). Blood glucose, lactate and plasma insulin concentrations were lower (p<0.05) in ET compared to all time points up to, and including 90 minutes (-11%, -15%, -15%, compared to 90 min, respectively). Plasma IL-6, epinephrine, glycerol and NEFA were higher (p<0.05) in ET compared to all time points up to and including 90 minutes (+28%, +110%, +26%, +34%, compared to 90 min, respectively). There were no significant changes in plasma volume or HR during ET compared to the rest of exercise. RPE was higher (p<0.001) during ET compared to the first 90 minutes of exercise (16±2 vs. 13±2). Sprint velocities (15-m) were lower during ET compared to the first 90 minutes of exercise (4.98 ± 0.29 vs. 5.43 ± 0.38 ms-1; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The ET period elicits different physiological and metabolic responses to those observed during the prior 90 minutes of soccer-specific exercise. Reductions in blood glucose and lactate with concomitant increases in plasma epinephrine, NEFA and glycerol may demonstrate a greater reliance on fat oxidation and a likely greater dependency on endogenous fuel sources (i.e., muscle and liver glycogen). With reductions in exercise performance (i.e., reduced sprint velocities) and a greater physiological challenge (i.e., increased RPE), interventions that seek to attenuate diminutions in performance provide future research opportunities.

U2 - 10.1249/01.mss.0000479360.39072.84

DO - 10.1249/01.mss.0000479360.39072.84

M3 - Meeting Abstract

VL - 47

SP - 3544

JO - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

JF - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

SN - 0195-9131

IS - 5S

ER -