Methods and tools to evaluate the availability of renewable energy sources

Athanasios Angelis-Dimakis, Markus Biberacher, Javier Dominguez, Giulia Fiorese, Sabine Gadocha, Edgard Gnansounou, Giorgio Guariso, Avraam Kartalidis, Luis Panichelli, Irene Pinedo, Michela Robba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

338 Citations (Scopus)


The recent statements of both the European Union and the US Presidency pushed in the direction of using renewable forms of energy, in order to act against climate changes induced by the growing concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In this paper, a survey regarding methods and tools presently available to determine potential and exploitable energy in the most important renewable sectors (i.e., solar, wind, wave, biomass and geothermal energy) is presented. Moreover, challenges for each renewable resource are highlighted as well as the available tools that can help in evaluating the use of a mix of different sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1182-1200
Number of pages19
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Issue number2
Early online date1 Oct 2010
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


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