Milled Microchannel-Assisted Open D-Channel Photonic Crystal Fiber Plasmonic Biosensor

M. Hussayeen Khan Anik, M. Ifaz Ahmad Isti, S. M.Riazul Islam, Sakib Mahmud, Hriteshwar Talukder, Md Jalil Piran, Shovasis Kumar Biswas, Kyung Sup Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


A surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based photonic crystal fiber (PCF) sensor having a milled microchannel, and an open D-channel has been proposed in this paper. The sensor shows good functionality in the wide sensing range of 1.14-1.36 Refractive Index Units (RIU) of the analyte, having the capability to detect low refractive index (RI). The Finite Element Method (FEM) based numerical investigations dictate that the proposed sensor has been able to gain a maximum wavelength sensitivity of 53,800 nm/RIU according to the wavelength interrogation technique. The amplitude interrogations show that the sensor has the highest amplitude sensitivity of 328 RIU-1. The highest FOM (Figure of Merit) has been found to be 105 RIU-1. The sensor evinces a minimum wavelength resolution of $1.86\times 10 ^{-6}$ RIU, which secures high detection accuracy. A circular perfectly matched layer (PML) is implemented in the sensor's outermost layer as a boundary condition to absorb surface radiations. Gold is the plasmonic metal, while TiO2 acts as the adhesive layer for gold attachment on silica. Due to the high sensitivity with a broad range of analyte detection, the sensor is well suited for practical biochemical detection purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9308904
Pages (from-to)2924-2933
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date25 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


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