Mitochondrial DNA analysis shows a Near Eastern Neolithic origin for domestic cattle and no indication of domestication of European aurochs

Ceiridwen J. Edwards, Ruth Bollongino, Amelie Scheu, Andrew Chamberlain, Anne Tresset, Jean Denis Vigne, Jillian F. Baird, Greger Larson, Simon Y.W. Ho, Tim H. Heupink, Beth Shapiro, Abigail R. Freeman, Mark G. Thomas, Rose Marie Arbogast, Betty Arndt, László Bartosiewicz, Norbert Benecke, Mihael Budja, Louis Chaix, Alice M. Choyke & 20 others Eric Coqueugniot, Hans Jürgen Döhle, Holger Göldner, Sönke Hartz, Daniel Helmer, Barabara Herzig, Hitomi Hongo, Marjan Mashkour, Mehmet Özdogan, Erich Pucher, Georg Roth, Sabine Schade-Lindig, Ulrich Schmölcke, Rick J. Schulting, Elisabeth Stephan, Hans Peter Uerpmann, István Vörös, Barbara Voytek, Daniel G. Bradley, Joachim Burger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

170 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extinct aurochs (Bos primigenius primigenius) was a large type of cattle that ranged over almost the whole Eurasian continent. The aurochs is the wild progenitor of modern cattle, but it is unclear whether European aurochs contributed to this process. To provide new insights into the demographic history of aurochs and domestic cattle, we have generated high-confidence mitochondrial DNA sequences from 59 archaeological skeletal finds, which were attributed to wild European cattle populations based on their chronological date and/or morphology. All pre-Neolithic aurochs belonged to the previously designated P haplogroup, indicating that this represents the Late Glacial Central European signature. We also report one new and highly divergent haplotype in a Neolithic aurochs sample from Germany, which points to greater variability during the Pleistocene. Furthermore, the Neolithic and Bronze Age samples that were classified with confidence as European aurochs using morphological criteria all carry P haplotype mitochondrial DNA, suggesting continuity of Late Glacial and Early Holocene aurochs populations in Europe. Bayesian analysis indicates that recent population growth gives a significantly better fit to our data than a constant-sized population, an observation consistent with a postglacial expansion scenario, possibly from a single European refugial population. Previous work has shown that most ancient and modern European domestic cattle carry haplotypes previously designated T. This, in combination with our new finding of a T haplotype in a very Early Neolithic site in Syria, lends persuasive support to a scenario whereby gracile Near Eastern domestic populations, carrying predominantly T haplotypes, replaced P haplotype-carrying robust autochthonous aurochs populations in Europe, from the Early Neolithic onward. During the period of coexistence, it appears that domestic cattle were kept separate from wild aurochs and introgression was extremely rare.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1377-1385
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume274
Issue number1616
Early online date3 Apr 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

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domestication
Mitochondrial DNA
mitochondrial DNA
Haplotypes
cattle
haplotypes
DNA sequences
Bronze
Population
late glacial
Syria
demographic history
Bayes Theorem
Bayesian analysis
Bronze Age
Population Growth
introgression
Postglacial
coexistence
Germany

Cite this

Edwards, Ceiridwen J. ; Bollongino, Ruth ; Scheu, Amelie ; Chamberlain, Andrew ; Tresset, Anne ; Vigne, Jean Denis ; Baird, Jillian F. ; Larson, Greger ; Ho, Simon Y.W. ; Heupink, Tim H. ; Shapiro, Beth ; Freeman, Abigail R. ; Thomas, Mark G. ; Arbogast, Rose Marie ; Arndt, Betty ; Bartosiewicz, László ; Benecke, Norbert ; Budja, Mihael ; Chaix, Louis ; Choyke, Alice M. ; Coqueugniot, Eric ; Döhle, Hans Jürgen ; Göldner, Holger ; Hartz, Sönke ; Helmer, Daniel ; Herzig, Barabara ; Hongo, Hitomi ; Mashkour, Marjan ; Özdogan, Mehmet ; Pucher, Erich ; Roth, Georg ; Schade-Lindig, Sabine ; Schmölcke, Ulrich ; Schulting, Rick J. ; Stephan, Elisabeth ; Uerpmann, Hans Peter ; Vörös, István ; Voytek, Barbara ; Bradley, Daniel G. ; Burger, Joachim. / Mitochondrial DNA analysis shows a Near Eastern Neolithic origin for domestic cattle and no indication of domestication of European aurochs. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2007 ; Vol. 274, No. 1616. pp. 1377-1385.
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abstract = "The extinct aurochs (Bos primigenius primigenius) was a large type of cattle that ranged over almost the whole Eurasian continent. The aurochs is the wild progenitor of modern cattle, but it is unclear whether European aurochs contributed to this process. To provide new insights into the demographic history of aurochs and domestic cattle, we have generated high-confidence mitochondrial DNA sequences from 59 archaeological skeletal finds, which were attributed to wild European cattle populations based on their chronological date and/or morphology. All pre-Neolithic aurochs belonged to the previously designated P haplogroup, indicating that this represents the Late Glacial Central European signature. We also report one new and highly divergent haplotype in a Neolithic aurochs sample from Germany, which points to greater variability during the Pleistocene. Furthermore, the Neolithic and Bronze Age samples that were classified with confidence as European aurochs using morphological criteria all carry P haplotype mitochondrial DNA, suggesting continuity of Late Glacial and Early Holocene aurochs populations in Europe. Bayesian analysis indicates that recent population growth gives a significantly better fit to our data than a constant-sized population, an observation consistent with a postglacial expansion scenario, possibly from a single European refugial population. Previous work has shown that most ancient and modern European domestic cattle carry haplotypes previously designated T. This, in combination with our new finding of a T haplotype in a very Early Neolithic site in Syria, lends persuasive support to a scenario whereby gracile Near Eastern domestic populations, carrying predominantly T haplotypes, replaced P haplotype-carrying robust autochthonous aurochs populations in Europe, from the Early Neolithic onward. During the period of coexistence, it appears that domestic cattle were kept separate from wild aurochs and introgression was extremely rare.",
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author = "Edwards, {Ceiridwen J.} and Ruth Bollongino and Amelie Scheu and Andrew Chamberlain and Anne Tresset and Vigne, {Jean Denis} and Baird, {Jillian F.} and Greger Larson and Ho, {Simon Y.W.} and Heupink, {Tim H.} and Beth Shapiro and Freeman, {Abigail R.} and Thomas, {Mark G.} and Arbogast, {Rose Marie} and Betty Arndt and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Bartosiewicz and Norbert Benecke and Mihael Budja and Louis Chaix and Choyke, {Alice M.} and Eric Coqueugniot and D{\"o}hle, {Hans J{\"u}rgen} and Holger G{\"o}ldner and S{\"o}nke Hartz and Daniel Helmer and Barabara Herzig and Hitomi Hongo and Marjan Mashkour and Mehmet {\"O}zdogan and Erich Pucher and Georg Roth and Sabine Schade-Lindig and Ulrich Schm{\"o}lcke and Schulting, {Rick J.} and Elisabeth Stephan and Uerpmann, {Hans Peter} and Istv{\'a}n V{\"o}r{\"o}s and Barbara Voytek and Bradley, {Daniel G.} and Joachim Burger",
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Edwards, CJ, Bollongino, R, Scheu, A, Chamberlain, A, Tresset, A, Vigne, JD, Baird, JF, Larson, G, Ho, SYW, Heupink, TH, Shapiro, B, Freeman, AR, Thomas, MG, Arbogast, RM, Arndt, B, Bartosiewicz, L, Benecke, N, Budja, M, Chaix, L, Choyke, AM, Coqueugniot, E, Döhle, HJ, Göldner, H, Hartz, S, Helmer, D, Herzig, B, Hongo, H, Mashkour, M, Özdogan, M, Pucher, E, Roth, G, Schade-Lindig, S, Schmölcke, U, Schulting, RJ, Stephan, E, Uerpmann, HP, Vörös, I, Voytek, B, Bradley, DG & Burger, J 2007, 'Mitochondrial DNA analysis shows a Near Eastern Neolithic origin for domestic cattle and no indication of domestication of European aurochs', Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 274, no. 1616, pp. 1377-1385. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.0020

Mitochondrial DNA analysis shows a Near Eastern Neolithic origin for domestic cattle and no indication of domestication of European aurochs. / Edwards, Ceiridwen J.; Bollongino, Ruth; Scheu, Amelie; Chamberlain, Andrew; Tresset, Anne; Vigne, Jean Denis; Baird, Jillian F.; Larson, Greger; Ho, Simon Y.W.; Heupink, Tim H.; Shapiro, Beth; Freeman, Abigail R.; Thomas, Mark G.; Arbogast, Rose Marie; Arndt, Betty; Bartosiewicz, László; Benecke, Norbert; Budja, Mihael; Chaix, Louis; Choyke, Alice M.; Coqueugniot, Eric; Döhle, Hans Jürgen; Göldner, Holger; Hartz, Sönke; Helmer, Daniel; Herzig, Barabara; Hongo, Hitomi; Mashkour, Marjan; Özdogan, Mehmet; Pucher, Erich; Roth, Georg; Schade-Lindig, Sabine; Schmölcke, Ulrich; Schulting, Rick J.; Stephan, Elisabeth; Uerpmann, Hans Peter; Vörös, István; Voytek, Barbara; Bradley, Daniel G.; Burger, Joachim.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 274, No. 1616, 07.06.2007, p. 1377-1385.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mitochondrial DNA analysis shows a Near Eastern Neolithic origin for domestic cattle and no indication of domestication of European aurochs

AU - Edwards, Ceiridwen J.

AU - Bollongino, Ruth

AU - Scheu, Amelie

AU - Chamberlain, Andrew

AU - Tresset, Anne

AU - Vigne, Jean Denis

AU - Baird, Jillian F.

AU - Larson, Greger

AU - Ho, Simon Y.W.

AU - Heupink, Tim H.

AU - Shapiro, Beth

AU - Freeman, Abigail R.

AU - Thomas, Mark G.

AU - Arbogast, Rose Marie

AU - Arndt, Betty

AU - Bartosiewicz, László

AU - Benecke, Norbert

AU - Budja, Mihael

AU - Chaix, Louis

AU - Choyke, Alice M.

AU - Coqueugniot, Eric

AU - Döhle, Hans Jürgen

AU - Göldner, Holger

AU - Hartz, Sönke

AU - Helmer, Daniel

AU - Herzig, Barabara

AU - Hongo, Hitomi

AU - Mashkour, Marjan

AU - Özdogan, Mehmet

AU - Pucher, Erich

AU - Roth, Georg

AU - Schade-Lindig, Sabine

AU - Schmölcke, Ulrich

AU - Schulting, Rick J.

AU - Stephan, Elisabeth

AU - Uerpmann, Hans Peter

AU - Vörös, István

AU - Voytek, Barbara

AU - Bradley, Daniel G.

AU - Burger, Joachim

PY - 2007/6/7

Y1 - 2007/6/7

N2 - The extinct aurochs (Bos primigenius primigenius) was a large type of cattle that ranged over almost the whole Eurasian continent. The aurochs is the wild progenitor of modern cattle, but it is unclear whether European aurochs contributed to this process. To provide new insights into the demographic history of aurochs and domestic cattle, we have generated high-confidence mitochondrial DNA sequences from 59 archaeological skeletal finds, which were attributed to wild European cattle populations based on their chronological date and/or morphology. All pre-Neolithic aurochs belonged to the previously designated P haplogroup, indicating that this represents the Late Glacial Central European signature. We also report one new and highly divergent haplotype in a Neolithic aurochs sample from Germany, which points to greater variability during the Pleistocene. Furthermore, the Neolithic and Bronze Age samples that were classified with confidence as European aurochs using morphological criteria all carry P haplotype mitochondrial DNA, suggesting continuity of Late Glacial and Early Holocene aurochs populations in Europe. Bayesian analysis indicates that recent population growth gives a significantly better fit to our data than a constant-sized population, an observation consistent with a postglacial expansion scenario, possibly from a single European refugial population. Previous work has shown that most ancient and modern European domestic cattle carry haplotypes previously designated T. This, in combination with our new finding of a T haplotype in a very Early Neolithic site in Syria, lends persuasive support to a scenario whereby gracile Near Eastern domestic populations, carrying predominantly T haplotypes, replaced P haplotype-carrying robust autochthonous aurochs populations in Europe, from the Early Neolithic onward. During the period of coexistence, it appears that domestic cattle were kept separate from wild aurochs and introgression was extremely rare.

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KW - Ancient DNA

KW - Aurochs

KW - Domestication

KW - Mitochondrial haplotypes

KW - Starburst network

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DO - 10.1098/rspb.2007.0020

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JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

T2 - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

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