Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle

Alessandro Achilli, Anna Olivieri, Marco Pellecchia, Cristina Uboldi, Licia Colli, Nadia Al-Zahery, Matteo Accetturo, Maria Pala, Baharak Hooshiar Kashani, Ugo A. Perego, Vincenza Battaglia, Simona Fornarino, Javad Kalamati, Massoud Houshmand, Riccardo Negrini, Ornella Semino, Martin Richards, Vincent Macaulay, Luca Ferretti, Hans Jürgen Bandelt & 2 others Paolo Ajmone-Marsan, Antonio Torroni

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

142 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Archaeological and genetic evidence suggest that modern cattle might result from two domestication events of aurochs (Bos primigenius) in southwest Asia, which gave rise to taurine (Bos taurus) and zebuine (Bos indicus) cattle, respectively [1-3]. However, independent domestication in Africa [4,5] and East Asia [6] has also been postulated and ancient DNA data raise the possibility of local introgression from wild aurochs [7-9]. Here, we show by sequencing entire mitochondrial genomes from modern cattle that extinct wild aurochsen from Europe occasionally transmitted their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to domesticated taurine breeds. However, the vast majority of mtDNAs belong either to haplogroup I (B. indicus) or T (B. taurus). The sequence divergence within haplogroup T is extremely low (eight-fold less than in the human mtDNA phylogeny [10]), indicating a narrow bottleneck in the recent evolutionary history of B. taurus. MtDNAs of haplotype T fall into subclades whose ages support a single Neolithic domestication event for B. taurus in the Near East, 9-11 thousand years ago (kya).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R157-R158
Number of pages2
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume18
Issue number4
Early online date25 Feb 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mitochondrial Genome
Taurine
Mitochondrial DNA
Genes
cattle
domestication
DNA
taurine
zebu
mitochondrial DNA
mitochondrial genome
Middle East
Far East
East Asia
introgression
Phylogeny
haplotypes
Haplotypes
History
breeds

Cite this

Achilli, A., Olivieri, A., Pellecchia, M., Uboldi, C., Colli, L., Al-Zahery, N., ... Torroni, A. (2008). Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle. Current Biology, 18(4), R157-R158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2008.01.019
Achilli, Alessandro ; Olivieri, Anna ; Pellecchia, Marco ; Uboldi, Cristina ; Colli, Licia ; Al-Zahery, Nadia ; Accetturo, Matteo ; Pala, Maria ; Kashani, Baharak Hooshiar ; Perego, Ugo A. ; Battaglia, Vincenza ; Fornarino, Simona ; Kalamati, Javad ; Houshmand, Massoud ; Negrini, Riccardo ; Semino, Ornella ; Richards, Martin ; Macaulay, Vincent ; Ferretti, Luca ; Bandelt, Hans Jürgen ; Ajmone-Marsan, Paolo ; Torroni, Antonio. / Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle. In: Current Biology. 2008 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. R157-R158.
@article{6004fa42be0645b497ccd0f9c98362be,
title = "Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle",
abstract = "Archaeological and genetic evidence suggest that modern cattle might result from two domestication events of aurochs (Bos primigenius) in southwest Asia, which gave rise to taurine (Bos taurus) and zebuine (Bos indicus) cattle, respectively [1-3]. However, independent domestication in Africa [4,5] and East Asia [6] has also been postulated and ancient DNA data raise the possibility of local introgression from wild aurochs [7-9]. Here, we show by sequencing entire mitochondrial genomes from modern cattle that extinct wild aurochsen from Europe occasionally transmitted their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to domesticated taurine breeds. However, the vast majority of mtDNAs belong either to haplogroup I (B. indicus) or T (B. taurus). The sequence divergence within haplogroup T is extremely low (eight-fold less than in the human mtDNA phylogeny [10]), indicating a narrow bottleneck in the recent evolutionary history of B. taurus. MtDNAs of haplotype T fall into subclades whose ages support a single Neolithic domestication event for B. taurus in the Near East, 9-11 thousand years ago (kya).",
author = "Alessandro Achilli and Anna Olivieri and Marco Pellecchia and Cristina Uboldi and Licia Colli and Nadia Al-Zahery and Matteo Accetturo and Maria Pala and Kashani, {Baharak Hooshiar} and Perego, {Ugo A.} and Vincenza Battaglia and Simona Fornarino and Javad Kalamati and Massoud Houshmand and Riccardo Negrini and Ornella Semino and Martin Richards and Vincent Macaulay and Luca Ferretti and Bandelt, {Hans J{\"u}rgen} and Paolo Ajmone-Marsan and Antonio Torroni",
year = "2008",
month = "2",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1016/j.cub.2008.01.019",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "R157--R158",
journal = "Current Biology",
issn = "0960-9822",
publisher = "Cell Press",
number = "4",

}

Achilli, A, Olivieri, A, Pellecchia, M, Uboldi, C, Colli, L, Al-Zahery, N, Accetturo, M, Pala, M, Kashani, BH, Perego, UA, Battaglia, V, Fornarino, S, Kalamati, J, Houshmand, M, Negrini, R, Semino, O, Richards, M, Macaulay, V, Ferretti, L, Bandelt, HJ, Ajmone-Marsan, P & Torroni, A 2008, 'Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle', Current Biology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. R157-R158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2008.01.019

Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle. / Achilli, Alessandro; Olivieri, Anna; Pellecchia, Marco; Uboldi, Cristina; Colli, Licia; Al-Zahery, Nadia; Accetturo, Matteo; Pala, Maria; Kashani, Baharak Hooshiar; Perego, Ugo A.; Battaglia, Vincenza; Fornarino, Simona; Kalamati, Javad; Houshmand, Massoud; Negrini, Riccardo; Semino, Ornella; Richards, Martin; Macaulay, Vincent; Ferretti, Luca; Bandelt, Hans Jürgen; Ajmone-Marsan, Paolo; Torroni, Antonio.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 18, No. 4, 26.02.2008, p. R157-R158.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle

AU - Achilli, Alessandro

AU - Olivieri, Anna

AU - Pellecchia, Marco

AU - Uboldi, Cristina

AU - Colli, Licia

AU - Al-Zahery, Nadia

AU - Accetturo, Matteo

AU - Pala, Maria

AU - Kashani, Baharak Hooshiar

AU - Perego, Ugo A.

AU - Battaglia, Vincenza

AU - Fornarino, Simona

AU - Kalamati, Javad

AU - Houshmand, Massoud

AU - Negrini, Riccardo

AU - Semino, Ornella

AU - Richards, Martin

AU - Macaulay, Vincent

AU - Ferretti, Luca

AU - Bandelt, Hans Jürgen

AU - Ajmone-Marsan, Paolo

AU - Torroni, Antonio

PY - 2008/2/26

Y1 - 2008/2/26

N2 - Archaeological and genetic evidence suggest that modern cattle might result from two domestication events of aurochs (Bos primigenius) in southwest Asia, which gave rise to taurine (Bos taurus) and zebuine (Bos indicus) cattle, respectively [1-3]. However, independent domestication in Africa [4,5] and East Asia [6] has also been postulated and ancient DNA data raise the possibility of local introgression from wild aurochs [7-9]. Here, we show by sequencing entire mitochondrial genomes from modern cattle that extinct wild aurochsen from Europe occasionally transmitted their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to domesticated taurine breeds. However, the vast majority of mtDNAs belong either to haplogroup I (B. indicus) or T (B. taurus). The sequence divergence within haplogroup T is extremely low (eight-fold less than in the human mtDNA phylogeny [10]), indicating a narrow bottleneck in the recent evolutionary history of B. taurus. MtDNAs of haplotype T fall into subclades whose ages support a single Neolithic domestication event for B. taurus in the Near East, 9-11 thousand years ago (kya).

AB - Archaeological and genetic evidence suggest that modern cattle might result from two domestication events of aurochs (Bos primigenius) in southwest Asia, which gave rise to taurine (Bos taurus) and zebuine (Bos indicus) cattle, respectively [1-3]. However, independent domestication in Africa [4,5] and East Asia [6] has also been postulated and ancient DNA data raise the possibility of local introgression from wild aurochs [7-9]. Here, we show by sequencing entire mitochondrial genomes from modern cattle that extinct wild aurochsen from Europe occasionally transmitted their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to domesticated taurine breeds. However, the vast majority of mtDNAs belong either to haplogroup I (B. indicus) or T (B. taurus). The sequence divergence within haplogroup T is extremely low (eight-fold less than in the human mtDNA phylogeny [10]), indicating a narrow bottleneck in the recent evolutionary history of B. taurus. MtDNAs of haplotype T fall into subclades whose ages support a single Neolithic domestication event for B. taurus in the Near East, 9-11 thousand years ago (kya).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=39149101816&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cub.2008.01.019

DO - 10.1016/j.cub.2008.01.019

M3 - Letter

VL - 18

SP - R157-R158

JO - Current Biology

JF - Current Biology

SN - 0960-9822

IS - 4

ER -

Achilli A, Olivieri A, Pellecchia M, Uboldi C, Colli L, Al-Zahery N et al. Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle. Current Biology. 2008 Feb 26;18(4):R157-R158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2008.01.019