Debranning of wheat affects flour quality, initially by altering the breakage of wheat kernels during first break. The double normalized Kumaraswamy breakage function was applied to model the effect of debranning on wheat breakage during first break milling, in which type 1 breakage describes a relatively narrow distribution of midsized particles, whereas type 2 breakage describes a wide size range of predominantly small particles extending to very large particles. Mallacca (hard) and Consort (soft) wheats were debranned and milled at three roll gaps under sharp-to-sharp and dull-to-dull dispositions. Type 1 breakage increased at longer debranning times, whereas type 2 breakage decreased, for both wheat varieties under both dispositions. Sharp-tosharp milling tended to produce more type 1 breakage than dull-todull. A mechanism of wheat breakage is proposed to explain the coproduction of very large and small particles via type 2 breakage and, hence, the effect of debranning. The proposed mechanism is that small particles of endosperm arise from scraping of large flat particles of wheat bran under the differential action of the rolls, such that removal of the bran reduces the production of the large bran particles and thus reduces the opportunity for the scraping mechanism that produces the very small particles.
|Number of pages||9|
|Early online date||14 Nov 2014|
|Publication status||Published - 14 Nov 2014|
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- Department of Chemical Sciences - Professor of Chemical Engineering
- School of Applied Sciences
- Biorefinery Engineering and Bioprocessing Research Centre - Director
- Biopolymer Research Centre - Associate Member