Modeling nursing terminology using the GRAIL representation language

Nicholas R Hardiker, Alan L Rector

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study is to explore the use of formal systems to model nursing terminology.

Design: GRAIL is a formal, compositional terminologic language, closely related to frame-based systems and conceptual graphs, which allows concepts to be formed from atomic-level primitives and automatically classified in a multiple hierarchy. A formal model of the alpha version of the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP) classification of nursing interventions was constructed in GRAIL.

Measurements: The model was analyzed for completeness, coherence, clarity, expressiveness, usefulness, and maintainability.

Results: GRAIL is capable of representing the complete set of atomic-level concepts within the ICNP as well as certain cross-mappings to other vocabularies. It also has the potential to represent many more concepts, to an arbitrary level of detail.

Conclusions: Formal systems such as GRAIL can overcome many of the difficulties associated with traditional nursing vocabularies without restricting the level of detail needed to describe nursing care.
LanguageEnglish
Pages120-128
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Language
Vocabulary
Nursing Care
Nursing
Standardized Nursing Terminology

Cite this

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Modeling nursing terminology using the GRAIL representation language. / Hardiker, Nicholas R; Rector, Alan L.

In: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1998, p. 120-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Rector, Alan L

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AB - Objective: The purpose of the study is to explore the use of formal systems to model nursing terminology.Design: GRAIL is a formal, compositional terminologic language, closely related to frame-based systems and conceptual graphs, which allows concepts to be formed from atomic-level primitives and automatically classified in a multiple hierarchy. A formal model of the alpha version of the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP) classification of nursing interventions was constructed in GRAIL.Measurements: The model was analyzed for completeness, coherence, clarity, expressiveness, usefulness, and maintainability.Results: GRAIL is capable of representing the complete set of atomic-level concepts within the ICNP as well as certain cross-mappings to other vocabularies. It also has the potential to represent many more concepts, to an arbitrary level of detail.Conclusions: Formal systems such as GRAIL can overcome many of the difficulties associated with traditional nursing vocabularies without restricting the level of detail needed to describe nursing care.

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