Molar mass and solution conformation of branched α(1 → 4), α(1 → 6) Glucans. Part I: Glycogens in water

Gordon A. Morris, Shirley Ang, Sandra E. Hill, Susan Lewis, Bernd Schäfer, Ulf Nobbmann, Stephen E. Harding

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Abstract

Solution molar masses and conformations of glycogens from different sources (rabbit, oyster, mussel and bovine) were analysed using sedimentation velocity in the analytical ultracentrifuge, size-exclusion chromatography coupled to multi-angle laser light scattering (SEC-MALLS), size-exclusion chromatography coupled to a differential pressure viscometer and dynamic light scattering. Rabbit, oyster and mussel glycogens consisted of one population of high molar mass (weight averages ranging from 4.6 × 106 to 1.1 × 107 g/mol) as demonstrated by sedimentation velocity and SEC-MALLS, whereas bovine glycogen had a bimodal distribution of significantly lower molar mass (1.0 × 105 and 4.5 × 105 g/mol). The spherical structure of all glycogen molecules was demonstrated in the slopes of the Mark-Houwink-Kuhn-Sakurada-type power-law relations for sedimentation coefficient (s20,wo), intrinsic viscosity ([η]), radius of gyration (rg,z) and radius of hydration (rH,z), respectively, and was further supported by the ρ (=rg,z/rH,z) function, the fractal dimension and the Perrin function. The degree of branching was estimated to be ∼10% from the shrinking factors, g′ (=[η]branched/[η]linear) and also h (=(f/fo)branched/(f/fo)linear), respectively, where (f/fo) is the translational frictional ratio, consistent with expectation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume71
Issue number1
Early online date29 May 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

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