Monitoring of diesel engine combustions based on the acoustic source characterisation of the exhaust system

J. Jiang, F. Gu, R. Gennish, D. J. Moore, G. Harris, A. D. Ball

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)


Acoustic methods are among the most useful techniques for monitoring the condition of machines. However, the influence of background noise is a major issue in implementing this method. This paper introduces an effective monitoring approach to diesel engine combustion based on acoustic one-port source theory and exhaust acoustic measurements. It has been found that the strength, in terms of pressure, of the engine acoustic source is able to provide a more accurate representation of the engine combustion because it is obtained by minimising the reflection effects in the exhaust system. A multi-load acoustic method was then developed to determine the pressure signal when a four-cylinder diesel engine was tested with faults in the fuel injector and exhaust valve. From the experimental results, it is shown that a two-load acoustic method is sufficient to permit the detection and diagnosis of abnormalities in the pressure signal, caused by the faults. This then provides a novel and yet reliable method to achieve condition monitoring of diesel engines even if they operate in high noise environments such as standby power stations and vessel chambers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1465-1480
Number of pages16
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Issue number6
Early online date31 Dec 2007
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008


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