Monotonic Evolution of the Optical Properties in the Transition from Three- to Quasi-Two-Dimensional Quantum Confinement in InAs Nanorods

Theerapong Puangmali, Marco Califano, Paul Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present an atomistic pseudopotential study of the electronic and optical properties of InAs quantum rods as a function of increasing length-to-diameter ratio. We show that, as the aspect ratio increases, energy levels cross in both conduction and valence bands, reflecting their different dependence on confinement along a specific direction. Unlike in CdSe and InP quantum rods, however, the position of the crossover between highest ocupied molecular orbitals with different symmetries is found to be size-dependent and the value of the aspect ratio at the crossing to increase with the rod diameter. We find that the level crossings at the top of the valence band are crucial to explain the evolution with elongation of all optical properties in these systems. Their transformation from zero- to quasi-one-dimensional structures is characterized by a common monotonic behavior of band gap, Stokes shift, degree of linear polarization, and radiative lifetime, closely linked to the variation with aspect ratio of the electronic structure of the nanorystal valence band edge. This characteristic feature was not observed in elongated CdSe structures, whose optical properties exhibited instead a distinctive non-monotonic evolution with length, with a turning point assoiated with a crossover at the top of the valence band, similar to that found here between states with δ and π symmetries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6901-6908
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume114
Issue number15
Early online date31 Mar 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

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