Morally Regulating Innovation: What is 'Commercial Exploitation'?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Discusses the circumstances in which a European patent may be refused for a biotechnological invention because of concern about the morality of the invention, focusing on the meaning of commercial exploitation in this context. Reviews case law, considering whether the research methods used to develop the invention, the potential use of the invention, and the exclusivity and monopoly which the applicant seeks may be subject to scrutiny.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-212
JournalIntellectual Property Quarterly
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


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