Multichannel 3D Microphone Arrays: A Review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Along with the recent advance of multichannel 3D audio technologies, a number of new microphone techniques for 3D sound recording have been proposed over the years. To choose a technique that is most suitable for the intended goal of a recording, it is first necessary to understand the design principles, pros, and cons of different techniques. This paper first categorizes existing 3D microphone arrays according to their physical configurations, design philosophies, and purposes, followed by an overview of each array. Studies that have subjectively or objectively evaluated different microphone arrays are also reviewed. Different approaches in the configuration of upper microphone layer are discussed, aiming to provide theoretical and practical insights into how they can contribute to creating an immersive auditory experience. Finally, limitations of previous studies and future research topics in 3D sound recording are identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-26
Number of pages22
JournalAES: Journal of the Audio Engineering Society
Issue number1/2
Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2021


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