Future innovations in textiles and fibrous materials are likely to demand fibres with enhanced multifunctionality. The fibres can be functionalized by dispersing nanoadditives into the polymer during melt compounding/spinning. TiO2 nanoparticles have the potential to improve UV resistance, antistatic, as well as impart self-cleaning by photocatalysis and thereby de-odour and antimicrobial effects. In this study, a micro-lab twin-screw extruder was used to produce samples of polypropylene (PP) nanocomposite monofilaments, doped with nano titanium oxide (TiO2)/manganese oxide (MnO) compound having size ranging from 60 to 200 nm. As a control sample, PP filaments without additives were also extruded. Three samples were produced containing different concentrations (wt%) of the TiO2 compound, i.e. 0.95, 1.24 and 1.79%. Nano metal-oxide distribution in the as-spun and drawn nanocomposite filaments was analysed. Although, there are small clusters of the nanoparticles, the characterizing techniques showed good dispersion and distribution of the modified TiO2 along and across the processed filaments. From UV spectroscopy and TGA, a significant enhancement of polypropylene UV protection and thermal stability were observed: PP with higher percentage of TiO2 absorbed UV wavelength of 387 nm and thermally decomposed at 320.16°C accompanied by 95% weight loss.
El-Dessouky, H. M., & Lawrence, C. A. (2011). Nanoparticles dispersion in processing functionalised PP/TiO2 nanocomposites: Distribution and properties. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13(3), 1115-1124. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-010-0100-6