Narcissism Normalisation: Tourism Influences and Sustainability Implications

Brendan Canavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


The concept of narcissism normalisation suggests that individuals and societies are becoming more narcissistic due to various cultural influences. Tourism is reviewed here as one such possible influence. Exploitative, entitled and exhibitionistic tendencies associated with narcissism are well-established in tourism. Yet tourism is also an intimate, communal and satisfying activity which may counteract narcissism. Increases in narcissism have significant implications from a sustainable tourism perspective. Narcissism is associated with exploitative and entitled behaviours that over time cause significant harm to those people and landscapes that come into contact with. Narcissism appears to be incompatible with principles of sustainability and the challenges this poses for the industry are reviewed, while the opportunities are also explored. There are signs that narcissism, particularly those aspects relating to exhibitionism, can be co-opted to benefit sustainable development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1322-1337
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Sustainable Tourism
Issue number9
Early online date9 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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