2 Citations (Scopus)


Nonwovens fabrics are directly made from fibers/filaments. The combination of a range of fiber/filament types, web formation, web bonding, and post processing methods allows engineering a myriad of nonwoven structures. The manmade/manufactured fibers dominate the nonwoven market with polypropylene, polyester, and viscose being the mostly consumed fibers. The two key components of nonwoven technology are web formation and web-bonding methods. The modern nonwovens carding equipment may employ different arrangements to control the machine-direction-to-cross-direction ratio of the produced webs. The wet-laid nonwovens are prepared from fibers dispersible in a liquid. The three main types of polymer-laid technology are spun-lagging; melt blowing, and electro spinning. The first two are widely employed at commercial scale with spun-laid being one of the most common nonwoven technologies. The electro spinning technology is one of the most active research areas in textiles/nonwoven technology but did not have considerable commercial success yet.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTextile and Clothing Design Technology
EditorsTom Cassidy, Parikshit Goswami
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781315156163
ISBN (Print)9781498796392, 9780367572587
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2017


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