Norms and Normalisation: Understanding Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Youth, Suicidality and Help-Seeking

Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Young people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer have elevated rates of suicidality. Despite the increased risk, there is a paucity of research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer help-seeking and suicidality. We report on a UK sequential exploratory, two-stage, mixed-method study. Stage 1 involved 29 online and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth aged 16–25 years old. Stage 2 utilised an online youth questionnaire employing a community- based sampling strategy (n = 789). Results indicated that participants only asked for help when they reached a crisis point because they were normalising their emotional distress. Those who self-harmed, had attempted or planned suicide or had experience of abuse related to their sexuality or gender were most likely to seek help. Results suggested that the reluctance to seek help was due to three interconnecting factors: negotiating sexuality, gender, mental health and age norms; being unable to talk about emotions; and coping and self-reliance. Policies aiming to prevent lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth suicide recognise that norms and normalising processes connected to sexual orientation and gender identity are additional difficulties that youth have accessing mental health support.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-172
Number of pages17
JournalCulture, Health and Sexuality
Volume20
Issue number2
Early online date23 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

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Transgender Persons
normalization
suicide
sexuality
gender
mental health
sexual orientation
coping
emotion
abuse
Sexuality
Suicide
Sexual Minorities
questionnaire
Mental Health
interview
community
experience
Negotiating
Sexual Behavior

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McDermott, Elizabeth ; Hughes, Elizabeth ; Rawlings, Victoria. / Norms and Normalisation: Understanding Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Youth, Suicidality and Help-Seeking. In: Culture, Health and Sexuality. 2018 ; Vol. 20, No. 2. pp. 156-172.
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Norms and Normalisation: Understanding Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Youth, Suicidality and Help-Seeking. / McDermott, Elizabeth; Hughes, Elizabeth; Rawlings, Victoria.

In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, Vol. 20, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 156-172.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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