Novel vibration sensor-based diagnostic technologies, built on the higher order wavelet spectral cross-correlation (WSC), are proposed, investigated and applied to gearbox vibration diagnosis for the first time in worldwide terms. The proposed WSC-based technologies do not feature any constrains in selection of signal spectral components, relations between which are analysed. That is a radical improvement in comparison with the higher-order spectra (HOS). The WSC technologies are applied for an experimental diagnosis of a local gear tooth fault of a helical gearbox that is developed during a long duration gearbox endurance test. Differences between the applied technologies and advantages of the novel WSC approach over the classical HOS are explained in detail. Superiority of the WSC technologies is justified by high validity comprehensive experimental comparison with the HOS technologies: i.e., the wavelet bicoherence and the wavelet tricoherence.