Nucleolar disruption impairs Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ORF57-mediated nuclear export of intronless viral mRNAs

James R. Boyne, Adrian Whitehouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) ORF57 plays a pivotal role in mediating the nuclear export of KSHV intronless transcripts. We demonstrate that ORF57 localises and dynamically trafficks through the nucleolus. To assess if nucleolar shuttling of ORF57 is important for the export of intronless viral mRNA, the ability of ORF57 to export mRNA was assessed in cells where the nucleolus was disrupted using Actinomycin D or DRB. We show that rapid disorganisation of the nucleolus was accompanied by a reduction in intronless virus mRNA export, suggesting that an intact nucleolus is essential for efficient KSHV ORF57-mediated intronless mRNA export. Structured summary: MINT-7291377: Aly (uniprotkb:Q86V81) physically interacts (MI:0915) with ORF57 (uniprotkb:Q2HR75) by pull down (MI:0096). MINT-7291330, MINT-7291320: Nucleolin (uniprotkb:P19338) and ORF57 (uniprotkb:Q2HR75) colocalise (MI:0403) by fluorescence microscopy (MI:0416). MINT-7291715: ORF57 (uniprotkb:Q2HR75) and Aly (uniprotkb:Q86V81) colocalise (MI:0403) by fluorescence microscopy (MI:0416).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3549-3556
Number of pages8
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume583
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Human Herpesvirus 8
Cell Nucleus Active Transport
Messenger RNA
Fluorescence microscopy
Fluorescence Microscopy
Cell Nucleolus
Dichlororibofuranosylbenzimidazole
Dactinomycin
Viruses

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title = "Nucleolar disruption impairs Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ORF57-mediated nuclear export of intronless viral mRNAs",
abstract = "Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) ORF57 plays a pivotal role in mediating the nuclear export of KSHV intronless transcripts. We demonstrate that ORF57 localises and dynamically trafficks through the nucleolus. To assess if nucleolar shuttling of ORF57 is important for the export of intronless viral mRNA, the ability of ORF57 to export mRNA was assessed in cells where the nucleolus was disrupted using Actinomycin D or DRB. We show that rapid disorganisation of the nucleolus was accompanied by a reduction in intronless virus mRNA export, suggesting that an intact nucleolus is essential for efficient KSHV ORF57-mediated intronless mRNA export. Structured summary: MINT-7291377: Aly (uniprotkb:Q86V81) physically interacts (MI:0915) with ORF57 (uniprotkb:Q2HR75) by pull down (MI:0096). MINT-7291330, MINT-7291320: Nucleolin (uniprotkb:P19338) and ORF57 (uniprotkb:Q2HR75) colocalise (MI:0403) by fluorescence microscopy (MI:0416). MINT-7291715: ORF57 (uniprotkb:Q2HR75) and Aly (uniprotkb:Q86V81) colocalise (MI:0403) by fluorescence microscopy (MI:0416).",
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Nucleolar disruption impairs Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ORF57-mediated nuclear export of intronless viral mRNAs. / Boyne, James R.; Whitehouse, Adrian.

In: FEBS Letters, Vol. 583, No. 22, 19.11.2009, p. 3549-3556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Boyne, James R.

AU - Whitehouse, Adrian

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