In this paper, a proper concept of a kind of photonic crystal fiber known as D-shaped PCF sensor based on SPR or Surface Plasmon Resonance phenomenon has been discussed. The analysis has been performed numerically using FEM or Finite Element Method and PML (Perfectly Matched Layer) boundary conditions. Modal analysis has been performed keeping the smallest mesh as possible. The main mechanism of the sensor is the interaction between the core guided light beam and the metal layer surface that generates free electrons. The proposed sensor shows a refractive index detection range of 1.42–1.46 RIU, with a metal thickness variation of 35 nm-45 nm and a pitch variation of 1.8 μm–2.0 μm. The sensor obtained the highest sensitivity of 15000 nm/RIU with a maximum 6.67 × 10-6 RIU resolution, using the wavelength interrogation method. Average spectral sensitivity is 8000 nm/RIU. The amplitude interrogation method found a maximum sensitivity of 230 RIU−1 with a resolution of 4.348 × 10-5 RIU. The sensor also shows high linearity fitting and Figure of Merit (FoM). For ease of design, high detection range, high wavelength and amplitude sensitivity, less fabrication complexity, high linearity and stability, the sensor can be a great competitor of the PCF sensors previously proposed.