Numerical development of high performance quasi D-shape PCF-SPR biosensor: An external sensing approach employing gold

Md Biplob Hossain, Md Shafayet Hossain, S. M. Riazul Islam, Md Nazmus Sakib, Khondoker Ziaul Islam, Md Amzad Hossain, Md Sanwar Hossain, A. S.M. Sanwar Hosen, Gi Hwan Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a proper concept of a kind of photonic crystal fiber known as D-shaped PCF sensor based on SPR or Surface Plasmon Resonance phenomenon has been discussed. The analysis has been performed numerically using FEM or Finite Element Method and PML (Perfectly Matched Layer) boundary conditions. Modal analysis has been performed keeping the smallest mesh as possible. The main mechanism of the sensor is the interaction between the core guided light beam and the metal layer surface that generates free electrons. The proposed sensor shows a refractive index detection range of 1.42–1.46 RIU, with a metal thickness variation of 35 nm-45 nm and a pitch variation of 1.8 μm–2.0 μm. The sensor obtained the highest sensitivity of 15000 nm/RIU with a maximum 6.67 × 10-6 RIU resolution, using the wavelength interrogation method. Average spectral sensitivity is 8000 nm/RIU. The amplitude interrogation method found a maximum sensitivity of 230 RIU−1 with a resolution of 4.348 × 10-5 RIU. The sensor also shows high linearity fitting and Figure of Merit (FoM). For ease of design, high detection range, high wavelength and amplitude sensitivity, less fabrication complexity, high linearity and stability, the sensor can be a great competitor of the PCF sensors previously proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103281
Number of pages9
JournalResults in Physics
Volume18
Early online date6 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

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