Femoroplasty is the injection of bone cement into the proximal femur, enhances the bone load capacity, and is typically applied to osteoporotic femora. To minimize the required injected volume of bone cement and maximize the load capacity enhancement, an optimization problem must be solved, where the modulus of elasticity of the augmented bone is a key element. This paper, through the numerical investigation of a fall on the greater trochanter of an osteoporotic femur, compares different ways to calculate this modulus and introduces an approach, based on the concept of bone cement porosity, which provides results statistically similar to those obtained with other considerations. Based on this approach, the present paper quantifies the correlation between degree of osteoporosis and optimum volume of bone cement. It concludes with an exhaustive search that reveals the effect of the bone cement porosity on the optimum volume of PMMA, for various combinations of the frontal and transverse angles of the fall on the greater trochanter.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering|
|Early online date||30 Mar 2018|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2018|