On-line measurement of separation dynamics in primary gas/oil/water separators: Challenges and technical solutions-A review

A.J. Jaworski, Guangtian Meng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the current measurement technologies available for on-line monitoring of the performance of the gas/oil/water separators, which are commonly used as the first stage of crude oil processing. Firstly, a short overview is given of the fluid physics governing the separation processes and the design of separation vessels. Simple theoretical models of separation physics are briefly reviewed and the process challenges outlined. This is followed by the description of existing measurement systems, those entering the market and likely future developments. The measurement systems are broadly divided into three categories: (1) those based on the assumption of a complete phase separation within the vessel; (2) those based on the concept of an array of sensors distributed across the heterogeneous layers, hence not requiring any assumptions regarding the actual phase distribution; and (3) more complex systems enabling cross-sectional imaging in the industrial process tomography sense.
LanguageEnglish
Pages47-59
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
Volume68
Issue number1-2
Early online date21 Jun 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gas oils
Separators
oil
Physics
gas
Water
vessel
physics
Electric current measurement
Phase separation
water
Tomography
Large scale systems
Crude oil
tomography
crude oil
Imaging techniques
Fluids
Monitoring
Sensors

Cite this

@article{27e026a093ef4ac3baa62ba2b00cce35,
title = "On-line measurement of separation dynamics in primary gas/oil/water separators: Challenges and technical solutions-A review",
abstract = "The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the current measurement technologies available for on-line monitoring of the performance of the gas/oil/water separators, which are commonly used as the first stage of crude oil processing. Firstly, a short overview is given of the fluid physics governing the separation processes and the design of separation vessels. Simple theoretical models of separation physics are briefly reviewed and the process challenges outlined. This is followed by the description of existing measurement systems, those entering the market and likely future developments. The measurement systems are broadly divided into three categories: (1) those based on the assumption of a complete phase separation within the vessel; (2) those based on the concept of an array of sensors distributed across the heterogeneous layers, hence not requiring any assumptions regarding the actual phase distribution; and (3) more complex systems enabling cross-sectional imaging in the industrial process tomography sense.",
keywords = "Primary separation, Measurement, Imaging, Heterogenous mixtures, Interface levels",
author = "A.J. Jaworski and Guangtian Meng",
year = "2009",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.petrol.2009.06.007",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "47--59",
journal = "Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering",
issn = "0920-4105",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On-line measurement of separation dynamics in primary gas/oil/water separators: Challenges and technical solutions-A review

AU - Jaworski, A.J.

AU - Meng, Guangtian

PY - 2009/9

Y1 - 2009/9

N2 - The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the current measurement technologies available for on-line monitoring of the performance of the gas/oil/water separators, which are commonly used as the first stage of crude oil processing. Firstly, a short overview is given of the fluid physics governing the separation processes and the design of separation vessels. Simple theoretical models of separation physics are briefly reviewed and the process challenges outlined. This is followed by the description of existing measurement systems, those entering the market and likely future developments. The measurement systems are broadly divided into three categories: (1) those based on the assumption of a complete phase separation within the vessel; (2) those based on the concept of an array of sensors distributed across the heterogeneous layers, hence not requiring any assumptions regarding the actual phase distribution; and (3) more complex systems enabling cross-sectional imaging in the industrial process tomography sense.

AB - The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the current measurement technologies available for on-line monitoring of the performance of the gas/oil/water separators, which are commonly used as the first stage of crude oil processing. Firstly, a short overview is given of the fluid physics governing the separation processes and the design of separation vessels. Simple theoretical models of separation physics are briefly reviewed and the process challenges outlined. This is followed by the description of existing measurement systems, those entering the market and likely future developments. The measurement systems are broadly divided into three categories: (1) those based on the assumption of a complete phase separation within the vessel; (2) those based on the concept of an array of sensors distributed across the heterogeneous layers, hence not requiring any assumptions regarding the actual phase distribution; and (3) more complex systems enabling cross-sectional imaging in the industrial process tomography sense.

KW - Primary separation

KW - Measurement

KW - Imaging

KW - Heterogenous mixtures

KW - Interface levels

UR - https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-petroleum-science-and-engineering

U2 - 10.1016/j.petrol.2009.06.007

DO - 10.1016/j.petrol.2009.06.007

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 47

EP - 59

JO - Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering

T2 - Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering

JF - Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering

SN - 0920-4105

IS - 1-2

ER -