The integration of distributed power plants that rely on renewable energy sources (RESs) is a major challenge for system operators (SOs) due to the variable nature of the input energy (e.g., wind and solar irradiation) to these power sources. A key solution to such a challenge is to coordi-nate and combine the power generation of these sources such that their behavior is closer to a conventional and dispatchable power station, taking into account the limitations imposed by the battery storage system (BESS), so it is seen as a hybrid power plant (HPP) from the SOs’ viewpoint. This paper develops a model of HPP that encompasses two generation technologies, wind and photo-voltaic farms, which are assisted by a BESS. The paper proposes a comprehensive control method that can smooth the HPP output with minimized energy rejection whilst enabling the HPP to pro-vide synthetic inertia and primary frequency response, which are grid‐code compliant. The proposed control method is validated through various scenarios, which are implemented on a detailed electromechanical test system modeled in MATLAB/Simulink. The results show and quantify the achieved improvement on stabilizing the HPP capacity factor under variable wind speed. The HPP also enhances the system response to frequency events.
|Number of pages||15|
|Early online date||30 Jun 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2021|