Operational modal analysis in the presence of pulse tram and harmonics based on SSI

Fulong Liu, Jiongqi Wang, Miaoshuo Li, Fengshou Gu, Andrew D. Ball

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) is a popular and effective method to identify the dynamic characteristics of a structure for Condition Monitoring (CM). It is well known that most of OMA methods are under the assumption that the excitation loads are stationary white noise. In practice however, this is not true, the ex-citation with pulse train and harmonic loads are common for mechanical systems with rotation parts, such as wind turbine and vehicle tested on the roller rig. In order to investigate the effects of pulse train and harmonic loads on the OMA, a quarter vehicle model was developed to simulate a Y25 bogie tested on the roller rig. Moreover, Correlation signal Subset based Stochastic Subspace Identification (CoS-SSI) was employed as the OMA technique in this study. The simulation results indicated that pulse train excitation has no effects on the OMA, whereas harmonic loads have significant effects. On the one hand, harmonic loads will result in false modes, on the other hand, the harmonic frequency will overwhelm the true modes of tested systems when the harmonic frequency is close to system resonance frequency. Therefore, cepstrum editing process was introduced in de-tail, and employed to filter out the harmonic effects before the OMA process. It has been proved that cepstrum editing is an easy but powerful approach to ad-dress the challenge of OMA in the presence of harmonics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of COMADEM
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2020


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