Opportunistic Relay Selection over Generalized Fading and Inverse Gamma Composite Fading Mixed Multicast Channels: A Secrecy Tradeoff

Md Shakhawat Hossen, A. S.M. Badrudduza, S. M.Riazul Islam, Abu Hanif, Milton Kumar Kundu, Kyung Sup Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The secrecy performance of realistic wireless multicast scenarios can be significantly deteriorated by the simultaneous occurrence of multipath and shadowing. To resolve this security threat, in this work an opportunistic relaying-based dual-hop wireless multicast framework is proposed in which the source dispatches confidential information to a bunch of receivers via intermediate relays under the wiretapping attempts of multiple eavesdroppers. Two scenarios, i.e. non-line of sight (NLOS) and line of sight (LOS) communications along with the multiplicative and LOS shadowing are considered where the first scenario assumes \eta -\mu and \eta -\mu /inverse Gamma (IG) composite fading channels and the latter one follows \kappa -\mu and \kappa -\mu /IG composite fading channels as the source to relay and relay to receiver's as well as eavesdropper's links, respectively. Secrecy analysis is accomplished by deriving closed-form expressions of three familiar secrecy measures i.e. secure outage probability for multicasting, probability of non-zero secrecy multicast capacity, and ergodic secrecy multicast capacity. We further capitalize on those expressions to observe the effects of all system parameters which are again corroborated via Monte-Carlo simulations. Our observations indicate that a secrecy tradeoff between the number of relays and number of receivers, eavesdroppers, and shadowing parameters can be established to maintain the admissible security level by decreasing the detrimental influences of fading, shadowing, the number of multicast receivers and eavesdroppers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166184-166205
Number of pages22
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date7 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 24 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

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