Optimisation of wheelset maintenance by using a reduced flange wear wheel profile

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4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates whether it is possible to develop a wheel profile design that will extend wheelset life compared to an existing commonly used Great Britain passenger wheel profile, the P8. The P8 wheel profile was originally developed in the late 1960s as an alternative to a 1:20 coned wheel profile (the P1). The P1 often required frequent turning as the conicity could increase quickly over time as the wheel wore in service. The P8 was designed based on an average worn shape of a P1 wheel. The P8 was found to stay closer to its original shape as it wore in service. However, new P8 wheels or newly profiled P8 wheels tend to experience a high initial flange wear rate in the first 20,000–30,000 miles, until the worn wheel shape reaches ‘dimensional stability’; after this, the flange width typically remains relatively constant. A ‘Reduced Flange Wear’ (RFW) wheel profile has been developed, based on the P8 profile but with a modified flange root geometry. The Wheel Profile Damage Model has been used to calculate how the proposed RFW wheel profile could reduce wear rates and therefore increase wheelset life. This paper presents results for a typical electric multiple unit train (EMU1) running on rural and suburban routes and a higher speed variant (EMU2) running on an inter-city route. The effect of the proposed RFW profile on rail rolling contact fatigue (RCF) has also been evaluated using the Whole Life Rail Model, for the same routes. The results suggest that the proposed RFW profile does reduce flange wear compared to a P8, with larger reductions achieved on routes that are more curvaceous. For wheel turning based purely on restoring wheel profile geometry, the RFW profile could half the amount of material removed at each turning (based on turning wheels at 250,000 miles). Furthermore, the results show that the RFW profile experiences slightly less wheel RCF damage than the P8. When new, the RFW profile appears to cause slightly higher rail RCF than a new P8 (For radii 700 m < R < 1300 m); however, the results suggest that worn RFW profiles cause very similar rail RCF to that caused by worn P8 wheels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-265
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit
Issue number2
Early online date1 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


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