This paper presents a novel method for optimizing a planar elliptical dipole antenna with elliptical slots, for ultrawideband electromagnetic compatibility applications. The antenna is required to achieve minimum return loss and boresight realized gain with an adequate gain flatness across the frequency range of 1-5 GHz. Such an antenna is a powerful tool for electromagnetic measurements, due to its very compact size and its wide operating bandwidth. The main optimization method used in this paper is the invasive weed optimization (IWO), which is a nature-inspired metaheuristic evolutionary algorithm. The conventional and a modified version of IWO are compared to other prior-art evolutionary algorithms, such as the particle swarm optimization and differential evolution. The comparison is performed by applying all the methods on a set of mathematical test functions and also on the specific antenna design problem presented in this paper. The comparative results demonstrate the superiority of the modified IWO over the other optimization methods.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
|Early online date
|3 Jul 2019
|Published - 1 Aug 2019