Ordering in a fluid inert gas confined by flat surfaces

Stephen E. Donnelly, Robert C. Birtcher, Charles W. Allen, Ian Morrison, Kazuo Furuya, Minghui Song, Kazutaka Mitsuishi, Ulrich Dahmen

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Abstract

High-resolution transmission electron microscopy images of room-temperature fluid xenon in small faceted cavities in aluminum reveal the presence of three well-defined layers within the fluid at each facet. Such interfacial layering of simple liquids has been theoretically predicted, but observational evidence has been ambiguous. Molecular dynamics simulations indicate that the density variation induced by the layering will cause xenon, confined to an approximately cubic cavity of volume ≈ 8 cubic nanometers, to condense into the body-centered cubic phase, differing from the face-centered cubic phase of both bulk solid xenon and solid xenon confined in somewhat larger (≥20 cubic nanometer) tetradecahedral cavities in face-centered cubic metals. Layering at the liquid-solid interface plays an important role in determining physical properties as diverse as the rheological behavior of two-dimensionally confined liquids and the dynamics of crystal growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-510
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume296
Issue number5567
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Donnelly, S. E., Birtcher, R. C., Allen, C. W., Morrison, I., Furuya, K., Song, M., ... Dahmen, U. (2002). Ordering in a fluid inert gas confined by flat surfaces. Science, 296(5567), 507-510. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1068521