Performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with waste vegetable oils

Abdullah Ali A. Abuhabaya, Fengshou Gu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The present study aims to investigate the impacts of biodiesel blend ratio on biodiesel's performance, combustion and emission characteristics. Experiments were conducted using JCB 444 TCA 74kW engine for neat biodiesel B100 and its blend fuels with B5, B10, B15,B20, B30 and B40 of biodiesel at different engine speeds and loads conditions without exhaust gas recirculation. The indicated engine power and torque using biodiesel were found to be lower than that of using diesel fuel for all of tested loads. The decreased of engine power and torque with biodiesel can be attributed to the lower calorific value of biodiesel. An obvious decrease in carbon monoxide (CO) and total hydrocarbon (THC) emissions was attained with the addition of biodiesel. Moreover, emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) were simultaneously reduced compared with using standard diesel fuel at low to middle loads. Finally, the strategy with biodiesel blends showed better combustion, emission characteristics as well as economy performance among all the fuels. For the efficient use of biodiesel blend fuels, it is suggested that the blend ratio should be carefully selected based on the engine operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2018 6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018
EditorsAbdelaaziz El Hibaoui, Mohamed Essaaidi, Youssef Zaz
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781728111827
ISBN (Print)9781728111834
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2019
Event6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference - Rabat, Morocco
Duration: 5 Dec 20188 Dec 2018
Conference number: 6


Conference6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference
Abbreviated titleIRSEC 2018


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