Performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with waste vegetable oils

Abdullah Ali A. Abuhabaya, Fengshou Gu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The present study aims to investigate the impacts of biodiesel blend ratio on biodiesel's performance, combustion and emission characteristics. Experiments were conducted using JCB 444 TCA 74kW engine for neat biodiesel B100 and its blend fuels with B5, B10, B15,B20, B30 and B40 of biodiesel at different engine speeds and loads conditions without exhaust gas recirculation. The indicated engine power and torque using biodiesel were found to be lower than that of using diesel fuel for all of tested loads. The decreased of engine power and torque with biodiesel can be attributed to the lower calorific value of biodiesel. An obvious decrease in carbon monoxide (CO) and total hydrocarbon (THC) emissions was attained with the addition of biodiesel. Moreover, emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) were simultaneously reduced compared with using standard diesel fuel at low to middle loads. Finally, the strategy with biodiesel blends showed better combustion, emission characteristics as well as economy performance among all the fuels. For the efficient use of biodiesel blend fuels, it is suggested that the blend ratio should be carefully selected based on the engine operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2018 6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018
EditorsAbdelaaziz El Hibaoui, Mohamed Essaaidi, Youssef Zaz
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781728111827
ISBN (Print)9781728111834
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2019
Event6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018 - Rabat, Morocco
Duration: 5 Dec 20188 Dec 2018

Conference

Conference6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018
CountryMorocco
CityRabat
Period5/12/188/12/18

Fingerprint

Vegetable oils
Biodiesel
Diesel engines
Engines
Diesel fuels
Torque
Exhaust gas recirculation
Calorific value
Nitrogen oxides
Carbon monoxide
Loads (forces)
Hydrocarbons

Cite this

Abuhabaya, A. A. A., & Gu, F. (2019). Performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with waste vegetable oils. In A. El Hibaoui, M. Essaaidi, & Y. Zaz (Eds.), Proceedings of 2018 6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018 [8702888] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IRSEC.2018.8702888
Abuhabaya, Abdullah Ali A. ; Gu, Fengshou. / Performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with waste vegetable oils. Proceedings of 2018 6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018. editor / Abdelaaziz El Hibaoui ; Mohamed Essaaidi ; Youssef Zaz. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019.
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abstract = "The present study aims to investigate the impacts of biodiesel blend ratio on biodiesel's performance, combustion and emission characteristics. Experiments were conducted using JCB 444 TCA 74kW engine for neat biodiesel B100 and its blend fuels with B5, B10, B15,B20, B30 and B40 of biodiesel at different engine speeds and loads conditions without exhaust gas recirculation. The indicated engine power and torque using biodiesel were found to be lower than that of using diesel fuel for all of tested loads. The decreased of engine power and torque with biodiesel can be attributed to the lower calorific value of biodiesel. An obvious decrease in carbon monoxide (CO) and total hydrocarbon (THC) emissions was attained with the addition of biodiesel. Moreover, emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) were simultaneously reduced compared with using standard diesel fuel at low to middle loads. Finally, the strategy with biodiesel blends showed better combustion, emission characteristics as well as economy performance among all the fuels. For the efficient use of biodiesel blend fuels, it is suggested that the blend ratio should be carefully selected based on the engine operating conditions.",
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Abuhabaya, AAA & Gu, F 2019, Performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with waste vegetable oils. in A El Hibaoui, M Essaaidi & Y Zaz (eds), Proceedings of 2018 6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018., 8702888, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018, Rabat, Morocco, 5/12/18. https://doi.org/10.1109/IRSEC.2018.8702888

Performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with waste vegetable oils. / Abuhabaya, Abdullah Ali A.; Gu, Fengshou.

Proceedings of 2018 6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018. ed. / Abdelaaziz El Hibaoui; Mohamed Essaaidi; Youssef Zaz. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. 8702888.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with waste vegetable oils

AU - Abuhabaya, Abdullah Ali A.

AU - Gu, Fengshou

PY - 2019/5/2

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N2 - The present study aims to investigate the impacts of biodiesel blend ratio on biodiesel's performance, combustion and emission characteristics. Experiments were conducted using JCB 444 TCA 74kW engine for neat biodiesel B100 and its blend fuels with B5, B10, B15,B20, B30 and B40 of biodiesel at different engine speeds and loads conditions without exhaust gas recirculation. The indicated engine power and torque using biodiesel were found to be lower than that of using diesel fuel for all of tested loads. The decreased of engine power and torque with biodiesel can be attributed to the lower calorific value of biodiesel. An obvious decrease in carbon monoxide (CO) and total hydrocarbon (THC) emissions was attained with the addition of biodiesel. Moreover, emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) were simultaneously reduced compared with using standard diesel fuel at low to middle loads. Finally, the strategy with biodiesel blends showed better combustion, emission characteristics as well as economy performance among all the fuels. For the efficient use of biodiesel blend fuels, it is suggested that the blend ratio should be carefully selected based on the engine operating conditions.

AB - The present study aims to investigate the impacts of biodiesel blend ratio on biodiesel's performance, combustion and emission characteristics. Experiments were conducted using JCB 444 TCA 74kW engine for neat biodiesel B100 and its blend fuels with B5, B10, B15,B20, B30 and B40 of biodiesel at different engine speeds and loads conditions without exhaust gas recirculation. The indicated engine power and torque using biodiesel were found to be lower than that of using diesel fuel for all of tested loads. The decreased of engine power and torque with biodiesel can be attributed to the lower calorific value of biodiesel. An obvious decrease in carbon monoxide (CO) and total hydrocarbon (THC) emissions was attained with the addition of biodiesel. Moreover, emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) were simultaneously reduced compared with using standard diesel fuel at low to middle loads. Finally, the strategy with biodiesel blends showed better combustion, emission characteristics as well as economy performance among all the fuels. For the efficient use of biodiesel blend fuels, it is suggested that the blend ratio should be carefully selected based on the engine operating conditions.

KW - Biodiesel

KW - Compression ignition

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A2 - El Hibaoui, Abdelaaziz

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Abuhabaya AAA, Gu F. Performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with waste vegetable oils. In El Hibaoui A, Essaaidi M, Zaz Y, editors, Proceedings of 2018 6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2019. 8702888 https://doi.org/10.1109/IRSEC.2018.8702888