Performance evaluation of membrane-based absorbers employing H2O/(LiBr + LiI + LiNO3 + LiCl) and H2O/(LiNO3 + KNO3 + NaNO3) as working pairs in absorption cooling systems

Faisal Asfand, Youssef Stiriba, Mahmoud Bourouis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, rigorous research has been carried out on the use of membrane contactors to design compact absorbers for absorption cooling systems and to extend their use in small scale applications. Moreover, the use of new working fluid mixtures has been suggested for the absorption cooling systems to cope with the limitations and problems associated with the conventional working fluid mixtures. In this study, water/(LiBr + LiI + LiNO3 + LiCl) with mass compositions in salts of 60.16%, 9.55%, 18.54% and 11.75%, respectively, and water/(LiNO3 + KNO3 + NaNO3) with mass compositions in salts of 53%, 28% and 19%, respectively, were investigated for air-cooled and multi-stage high temperature absorption cooling systems, respectively. Results show that a 25% increase in the absorption rate can be achieved by using water/(LiBr + Li + LiNO3 + LiCl) when compared to water/LiBr at air-cooling thermal conditions. Furthermore, an absorption rate as high as 0.00523 kg/m2 s is achieved when the water/(LiNO3 + KNO3 + NaNO3) working fluid mixture is used in the membrane-based absorber of the third stage of a triple effect absorption cooling cycle. In addition, the pressure drop percentage in the case of water/(LiNO3 + KNO3 + NaNO3) working fluid mixture is significantly lower than the water/LiBr and water/(LiBr + LiI + LiNO3 + LiCl) working fluid mixtures because of the higher operating pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-790
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy
Volume115 Part 1
Early online date18 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

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